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Foundation of nursing chapter 9

The time from birth to 1 month of age is called?

neonate

Teeth begin to erupt at what age of infancy?

4 - 6 months

According to Piaget, thinking during the first few months is primarily based on?

sense and action

The first socializing agent for the child is what?

smile

What word the describes the direction of growth beginning at the head and moving to the lower extremities or feet is?

cephalocauclal

Following fertilization the newly formed structure is known as?

zygote

According to Erikson, when the infant is cuddled, fed, and loved, the infant will develop what?

trust

Two year old mark's negative behavior is normal for his age. It is helping him to meet his need for?

autonomy

What is the name of the period of cognitive development when the childs knowledge comes about through sensory impressions?

...

What is the definition of development?

Progress towards mature abilities

What is the major cause of death in infants?

drowing

Which of the senses is present and fully developed at birth?

hearing

What is the name of the space between cranial bones which is present at birth and usually closed between 12 and 18 months?

Frontal anterior closure

When an infant turns it head when something touches it mouth or cheek is called what reflex?

rooting reflex

The term fetus is given at what stage of development during pregnancy?

last stage before birth

What does the word acculturate mean?

change to meet culture standards

What is the first indicator of dehydration in an infant?

dry diaper, dark green/black stool of early neo-nate

What is meconium?

dark green/black stool of early neo-nate. (first poop)

What is the meaning of bonding?

building a mutual relationship

Actions that require large muscle are?

gross motor

Actions that require small muscle are called?

fine motor

What is the definition of conception?

beginning of pregnancy

What is the term for the stage of infancy according to Erickson?

trust vs. mistrust

What are the two major factors that influence growth and development?

...

When an infant gains control of movement what is developed?

neurological system

Erickson is known as what type of therapist?

psycosocial

What is the general rule for the number of words a child can put together?

number of words in an average response usually responds to the chronological age

In what life cycle is sleep in large quantities necessary?

infancy

What are the dangers of putting a child to bed with a bottle?

aspiration

The new born is capable of digesting which nutrients?

fats, proteins and carbs

What is considered the perfect food for infants

Brest Milk

If medical personal are suspicious of child abuse what is their responsibility?

report it

If medical personal do not report suspected child abuse what are the legal ramifications?

be fined

What are the signs of underfeeding an infant?

lack of satisfaction, cranky, fussy. little weight gain and wrinkling of skin

What are the signs of overfeeding an infant?

vomiting after eating and frequent watery stools

Full term infants have enough iron in there system until what age?

5-6 months

What are the ways an infant can move from one area to another in order?

locomotion

What are the average vital signs of an infant?

85/60

How does an infant learn?

action are memorized and repetition

What is the definition of schema?

innate knowledge structure that allows a child to organize his or her mind

What are the rules for introduction of solid food to the infant?

One food at a time, Cereals first, then fruit and veggies, and meat last. Avoid mixing foods

When a child is separated from their parents and receives no response to their crying and protesting, may give up and experience?

despair

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