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Greece Chapter

Alexander the Great

Son of King Philip II of Macedonia and student of Aristotle; created empire stretching from the Balkan Peninsula to the Indus River valley.

Alexandria

City in Egypt founded by Alexander the Great, center of commerce and Hellenistic civilization.

Archimedes

A Hellenistic mathmatician and physicist who was the first to correctly estimate the value of pi. He also explained the law of the lever, invented simple machines such as the screw and pulley.

Elements

Abook written by Euclid of Alexandria
which systematized the principals of geometry.

Euclid

Greek Mathematician (Father of Geometry) who taught in Alexandria.

Hellenistic

the blending of Greek cultures with those of Persia, Egypt, and Central Asia following the conquests of Alexander the Great.

Herodotus

Greek historian whose writings, chiefly concerning the Persian Wars, are the earliest known examples of narrative history. "Father of History"

Hippocrates

An ancient Greek physician (the "father of medicine") who is credited with founding the study of medicine.

Historia

Herodotus' greatest work about the
Persian Wars.

Koine

A common dialect of the Greek language that influenced the speech of all Greeks.

Macedonia

An ancient kingdon ruled by Alexander the Great that conquered Greece and the Persian empire in the 300s BC.

Father of Medicine

Hippocrates; established priciples of medicine
bringiing a scientific approach to medicine.

Phillip II

336 BC, was an ancient Greek king of Macedon and father of Alexander the Great. Conquered most of the Balkan Peninsula before his assasination.

Ptolemy

Subordinate to Alexander who took over Egypt after his death.

Pythagoras

A Greek philosopher & mathematecian during 500's BC that created a right-triangle theorem.

Thucydides

Ancient Greek historian remembered for his history of the Peloponnesian War (460-395 BC).

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com. Click to see the original works with their full license.

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