Specific locations from which news frequently emanates, such as Congress or the White House
Television and Radio
Chains (Newspaper Chains)
Newspapers published by massive media conglomerates that account for almost three-quarters of the nation's daily circulation.
A politics in which the behavior of citizens and policymakers and the political agenda itself are increasingly shaped by technology
The use of an in-depth reporting to unearth scandals, scams, and schemes
Television, radio, newspapers, magazines, and other means of popular communication
Events purposely staged for the media that nonetheless look spontaneous.
The appeal to a narrow, particular audience by channels such as ESPN, MTV, and C-SPAN, which focus on a narrow particular interest
The issues that attract the serious attention of public officials and other people actually involved in politics at any given point in time
People who invest their political "capital" in an issue. Could be in or out of government, in elected or appointed positions, in interest groups, or research organizations.
Meetings of public officials with reporters
Newspapers and magazines
Short video clips of approximately 15 seconds, which are typically all that is shown from a political speech or activities on television news
A shot of a person's face talking directly to the camera
An intentional news leak for the purpose of assessing the political reaction.