AP Psychology Chapter 12

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Medical Model

Disorders be diagnosed and cured

Psychopathology

Medical name for abnormal disorders

Biopsychosocial Model

Diagnosing a disorder

DSM IV TR

Used to diagnose disorders and contains the five axes

Five Axes

Clinical Syndromes, Personality disorders and mental Retardation, General Medical Conditions, Environmental Factors, GAF Score how you feel

Concerns About Diagnosing

Stigma associated with it
Tendency to over diagnose
Confusion between actual disorder and normal everyday life events

Dissociative

Loss of awareness from reality

Dissociative Amnesia

Loss of memory of some event

Dissociative Fugue

Loss of awareness from oneself

Dissociative Identity Disorder

Person takes on more than one distinct personality

Generalized Anxiety Disorder

In which a person is unexplainably and continually tense and uneasy

Panic Disorder

In which a person experiences sudden episodes of intense dread

Phobias

In which a person feels irrationally and intensely afraid of a specific object or situation

Obsessive compulsive Disorder

In which a person is troubled by repetitive thoughts or actions

Post-traumatic Stress Disorder

In which a person has lingering memories, nightmares, and other symptoms for weeks after a severely threatening, uncontrollable event

Paranoid

Preoccupation with delusions or hallucinations often with themes of persecution or grandiosity

Disorganized

Disorganized speech or behavior, or flat or inappropriate emotion

Catatonic

Immobility(or excessive, purposeless movement), extreme negativism, and/or parrot like repeating of another's speech or movements

Undifferentiated

Many and varied symptoms

Residual

Withdrawal, after hallucinations and delusions have dissapeared

Somatoform Disorders

Psychological disorders in which the symptoms take a somatic form without apparent physical cause

Conversion Disorder

In which a person experiences very specific genuine physical symptoms for which no physiological basis can be found

Hypochodrias

A somatoform disorder in which a person interprets normal physical sensations as symptoms of a disease

ADHD

A physchological disorder marked by the appearance by age 7 of one or more of three key symptoms : extreme inatention , hyperactivity and: impulsitivity

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