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Political party

A party is a group that seeks to elect candidates to public office

Progressives/mugwumps

Republican Party faction of the 1890s to the 1910s composed of reformers who opposed patronage

National convention

A meeting of party delegates held every 4 years

National committee

delegates who run party affairs between national conventions

Congressional campaign committee

A party committee in congress that provides funds to members and would be members

National chairman

Day to day party manager elected by the national committee

Superdelegates

Party leaders and elected officials who become delegates to the national convention without having to run in primaries or caucuses

Political machine

A party organization that recruits members by dispensing patronage

Ideological party

A party that values principles stands in issues above all else

Solidary incentives

The social rewards that lead people to join political organizations

Sponsored party

A local or state political part that is largely supported by another organization in the community

Personal following

The political support provided to a candidate on the basis or personal popularity and networks

Plurality system

An electoral system in which a winner is that person who gets the most votes even if they do not receive majority; used in almost all American elections

Initiative

Process that permits voters to put legislative Measures directly on the ballot, by getting enough signature on a petition. About half of the a states provide some sort of legislation by initiative

Referendum

Procedure enabling voters to reject a measure passed by legislature. About half the states permit this

Party platform

a political party's formal statement of its basic principles, objectives, and positions on major issues.

Two party system

a system where two major political parties dominate voting in nearly all elections at every level of government

Caucus

a meeting of the members of a legislative body who are members of a particular political party, to select candidates or decide policy.

Delegates

a person sent or authorized to represent others, in particular an elected representative sent to a conference.

Primary

Chief of importance

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