End of 100 Years War between French and English, French are victorious; Ottoman Turks take control of Constantinople
Used the taille during 100 Years War to fund the royal army in France
Two Reasons Why The Third Estate Supported Giving the King More Power Are--
1.) A wave of euphoria and nationalism was created after France won the 100 Years War
2.)The third estate were anti- Nobles, since the Nobles during the 100 years war would rather lose the war then lose power
The equivalent of Congress for France, it gave up the power of the purse to King Louis XI
The King of the Absolute Monarchy in France when the Estates-General made the taille permanent, now the king was in complete control of the purse
National tax in France on property/land
Louis XI was able to reduce the Nobles power by--
Taking their lands (EX. Charles the Bold died fighting in Switzerland, then Louis XI took over his land, as well as Burgundy, Main, Anjou, and other lands)
Sent French army to invade Italy to create an Empire; ultimately ends with French capital drained and the French losing the war. ( Example of CORRUPTION)
At the end of The 100 Years War, the English nobles felt--
angry and betrayed over losing their French lands that King Richard III gave to them for more power over England
War of Roses
Richard III of York vs. Henry Tudor of Lancaster; Nobles attempted to reassert their "English Liberties"; Henry Tudor of Lancaster defeats Richard and establishes Tudor dynasty
The Tudor rule was called the Tudor Dynasty because--
Henry VII wanted the Yorks and Lancaster to reunite; it was supposed to be the Lancaster Dynasty
Henry VII marries a York woman and established the Tudor Rose so--
There would be no dynasty crisis
How did King Henry VII of England reduce noble power?
1) Abolished "livery and maintenance."
2)Established The Court of Star Chamber, where nobles would be tortured until they gave a confession
Shares a common language, history, and religion
Although Isabella of Castile and Ferdinand of Aragon married,"uniting" the two Iberian kingdoms, what ocured that would ultimately serve as an obstacle for the New Spanish Monarchy?
Castile and Aragon never completely united, they kept separate laws etc.
Ferdinand and Isabella basically told the Jews and Mores (Spanish Muslims) to leave, convert, or die.
The results of the Inquisition and the Reconquest of Granada would become an obstacle later on because--
the merchant population was made mostly of Muslims and Jews; no merchants=no infrastructure
Reconquest of Granada
last Muslim (morish) state was reconquered by the Spanish
The Holy Roman Empire (HRE) was unable to form a Nation because--
There wasn't a common nationality
The HRE was unable the form a state because--
1) 365 different principalities
2)No permanent dynasty because kings were elected by the Electors (7 Nobles)
Hasburg dynasty failed to--
centralize the government
After a series of "unexpected" deaths, Charles was left with the kingdom of Spain, HRE, and some of France,and he was unable to--
focus on Unification
Poland, while the rest of Europe was entering the Renaissance, still had a(an) ___________ paradigm, so they never began trade, or ever really established an economy.
The equivalent to Parliament in Poland; controlled by Nobles
Russia was controlled by the--
Prince Ivan of Russia
He took advantage of dissension among Mongels
The Battle of Bosworth Field
Last battle of the War of Roses; the birth of the modern England
Why was Russia significantly behind in development by the late 1400's?
Prior to Ivan III, Russia was dominated by the Mongols. Western European states were emerging and establishing empires, but during this time, Russian nobles (known as BOYARS) were using their resources to push off the Mongolian rule and eventually gained freedom from the Mongolians.