Organic Compounds Quiz #2

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33 terms · this is for the second organic compounds quiz on FRIDAY, for MR. MEADOR'S CLASS. NOT mrs. campfield *cough*anne*cough*

Sugar

example of carbohydrates

Vegtable Oil, Fat

example of lipids (2)

Beef

example of proteins

DNA, RNA

examples of nucleic acids

Carbohydrate

compounds made of carbon and hydrogen and oxygen atoms in a 1:2:1 ratio, respectivley

1:2:1

ratio of carbon:hydrogen:oxygen atoms in a carbohydrate

Polysaccharides

bonded monosaccharides that form a chain

Glucose, Galactose, Fructose

the three monosaccharaides for carbohydrates

4

number of calories in 1 gram of carbohydrates

Lipid

a macromolecule that isn't soluble in water and is composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen

Glycerol, Fatty Acid Chain

things that make up a lipid monomer

Fats, Oils, Waxes

examples of lipid polymers (3)

Saturated Fatty Acid

there are only single bonds between all carbon atoms in a fatty acid chain, has more hydrogen

Unsaturated Fatty Acid

there are double and triple bonds between carbon atoms in a fatty acid chains, with less hydrogen

Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Phosphorus

elements in nucleic acids macromolecules

Nucleotides

the monomers of nucleic acid chains

Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen

elements contained in proteins

Amino Acid

monomers for proteins

Amino, Carboxol

the two main groups in amino acids

R-Group

distinguishes one amino acid from another

20

number of amino acids

Peptide Bonds

bonds that form amino acids

Polypeptide Chains

chains that form proteins

Polymer

another word for macromolecule

Macromolecule

a giant molecule made from many other molecules

Polymerization

when monomers join together to form polymers

Monomer

units that make up polymers

Dehydration Synthesis

When an H2O molecule is removed to join 2 molecules together

Hydrolysis

when a water molecule is split to break bonds between monomers

Carbohydrate

provides short term energy and structure (celulose and chitin)

Lipid

functions as long term energy storage, protection and insulation, structure, and chemical messanger

Protein

functions for structure, regular cell pocesses and chemical reactions (enzymes), and transport

Nucleic Acid

sole function is to store and transmit genetic information

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