Microbe Mission: Archaea

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Do BACTERIA have a NUCLEUS?

NO

Do ARCHAEA have a NUCLEUS?

NO

Do EUKARYOTA have a NUCLEUS?

YES

Do BACTERIA have MEMBRANE-BOUND ORGANELLES?

NO

Do ARCHAEA have MEMBRANE-BOUND ORGANELLES?

NO

Do EUKARYOTA have MEMBRANE-BOUND ORGANELLES?

YES

What is the structure of BACTERIA'S CHROMOSOME(S)?

One Circular Chromosome

What is the structure of ARCHAEA'S CHROMOSOME(S)?

One Circular Chromosome

What is the structure of EUKARYOTA'S CHROMOSOME(S)?

Many Linear Chromosomes

Do BACTERIA have NUCLEOSOMES/HISTONES?

NO

Do ARCHAEA have NUCLEOSOMES/HISTONES?

YES

Do EUKARYOTA have NUCLEOSOMES/HISTONES?

YES

What is the FIRST AMINO ACID in a protein synthesized in BACTERIA?

N-formyl methionine

What is the FIRST AMINO ACID in a protein synthesized in ARCHAEA?

Methionine

What is the FIRST AMINO ACID in a protein synthesized in EUKARYOTA?

Methionine

Do BACTERIA have cell walls supported by PEPTIDOGLYCAN?

YES

Do ARCHAEA have cell walls supported by PEPTIDOGLYCAN?

NO

Do EUKARYOTA have cell walls supported by PEPTIDOGLYCAN?

NO

Do BACTERIA have OPERONS and POLYCISTRONIC mRNA helping to regulate gene expression?

YES

Do ARCHAEA have OPERONS and POLYCISTRONIC mRNA helping to regulate gene expression?

YES

Do EUKARYOTA have OPERONS and POLYCISTRONIC mRNA helping to regulate gene expression?

NO

Do BACTERIA have INTRONS in their genome?

NO

Do ARCHAEA have INTRONS in their genome?

NO

Do EUKARYOTA have INTRONS in their genome?

YES

Do BACTERIA have a TATA BOX in their promoter?

NO

Do ARCHAEA have a TATA BOX in their promoter?

YES

Do EUKARYOTA have a TATA BOX in their promoter?

YES

Do BACTERIA use simple or complex RNA Polymerase?

Simple

Do ARCHAEA use simple or complex RNA Polymerase?

Complex

Do EUKARYOTA use simple or complex RNA Polymerase?

Complex

Is protein synthesis in BACTERIA inhibited by DIPHTHERIA TOXIN?

NO

Is protein synthesis in ARCHAEA inhibited by DIPHTHERIA TOXIN?

YES

Is protein synthesis in EUKARYOTA inhibited by DIPHTHERIA TOXIN?

YES

Can BACTERIA be human pathogens?

YES

Can ARCHAEA be human pathogens?

NO

Can EUKARYOTA be human pathogens?

YES

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