Ap Lit. Terms Group 1
|diction||the word choices made by a writer|
|dilemma||a situation that requires a person to decide between two equally attractive or equally unattractive alternatives|
|eulogy||a formal speech praising a person who has died|
|foreshadowing||the presentation of material in such a way that the reader is prepared for what is to come later in the work|
|homily||a sermon, or a moralistic lecture|
|scene||a real or fictional episode; a division of an act in a play|
|tragedy||a work in which the protagonist, a person of high degree is engaged in a significant struggle and which ends in ruin or destruction.|
|drama||a composition in prose or verse presenting in dialogue or pantomime a story involving conflict or contrast of character, esp. one intended to be acted on the stage; a play.|
|comedy||a play, movie, etc., of light and humorous character with a happy or cheerful ending;|
|foil||a person or thing that gives contrast to another|
|allegory||a literary work in which characters, objects, or actions represent more abstract ideas; Santa Clause, for instance, can be an allegory for generocity.|
|analogy||a comparison of two different things that are similar in some way|
|anaphora|| the repitition of words or phrases at the beginning of consecutive lines or sentences; |
"With malice toward none;
with charity for all;
with firmness in the right,"
(Lincoln's second inaugural address)
|asyndeton|| a construction in which elements are presented in a series without conjunctions (compare to polysyndeton)|
"we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe"
(JFK's inaugural address)
|polysyndeton||the use, for rhetorical effect, of more conjunctions than is necessary or natural (compare to a syndeton)|
"And every living substance was destroyed which was upon the face of the ground, both man, and cattle, and the creeping things, and the fowl of the heaven; and they were destroyed from the earth: and Noah only remained alive, and they that were with him in the ark."
|metonymy|| substituting the name of one object for another object closely associated with it.|
"The pen [writing] is mightier than the sword [war]"
|pun||a play on words, often achieved through the use of words with similar sounds but different meanings|
|syllepsis|| a construction in which one word is used in two different senses|
"After he threw the ball, he threw a fit"
|syllogism|| a three part deductive argument in which a conclusion is based on a major premise and a minor premise|
"All men are mortal;
Socrates is a man;
Therefore, Socrates is mortal."
|syntax||the manner in which words are arranged into sentences|