Black Bile (The spleen)- A person who is a thoughtful ponderer has a melancholic disposition. Often very considerate and get rather worried when they could not be on time for events, melancholics can be highly creative in activities such as poetry and art - and can become occupied with the tragedy and cruelty in the world. A melancholic is also often a perfectionist. They are often self-reliant and independent; one negative part of being a melancholic is sometimes they can get so involved in what they are doing they forget to think of others.
Yellow Bile (Gall Bladder)- A person who is choleric is a doer. They have a lot of ambition, energy, and passion, and try to instill it in others. They can dominate people of other temperaments, especially phlegmatic types. Many great charismatic military and political figures were cholerics. They like to be leaders and in charge of everything.
The Sanguine temperament personality is fairly extroverted. People of a sanguine temperament tend to enjoy social gatherings, making new friends and tend to be quite loud. They are usually quite creative and often daydream. However, some alone time is crucial for those of this temperament. Sanguine can also mean very sensitive, compassionate and thoughtful. Sanguine personalities generally struggle with following tasks all the way through, are chronically late, and tend to be forgetful and sometimes a little sarcastic. Often, when pursuing a new hobby, interest is lost quickly when it ceases to be engaging or fun. They are very much people persons. They are talkative and not shy. For some people, these are the ones you want to be friends with and usually they become life long friends
Phlegmatics tend to be self-content and kind. They can be very accepting and affectionate. They may be very receptive and shy and often prefer stability to uncertainty and change. They are very consistent, relaxed, rational, curious, and observant, making them good administrators and diplomats
A Breton lai, also known as a narrative lay or simply a lay, is a form of medieval French and English romance literature. Lais are short (typically 600-1000 lines), rhymed tales of love and chivalry, often involving supernatural and fairy-world Celtic motifs. The word "lay" or "lai" is thought to be derived from the Old High German and/or Old Middle German leich, which means play, melody, or song.[1
a literary character who makes an error of judgment or has a fatal flaw that, combined with fate and external forces, brings on a tragedy
a short, usually comic, frankly coarse, and often cynical tale in verse popular especially in the 12th and 13th centuries
Satire arouses laughter or scorn as a means of ridicule and derision, with the avowed intention of correcting human faults. Common targets of satire include individuals ("personal satire"), types of people, social groups, institutions, and human nature. Like tragedy and comedy , satire is often a mode of writing introduced into various literary forms; it is only a genre when it is the governing principle of a work. (See also Irony.)
An epic (from the Ancient Greek adjective (epikos), from (epos) "word, story, poem") is a lengthy narrative poem, ordinarily concerning a serious subject containing details of heroic deeds and events significant to a culture or nation.
the principal kind of romance found in medieval Europe from the 12th century onwards, describing (usually in verse) the adventures of legendary knights, and celebrating an idealized code of civilized behaviour that combines loyalty, honour, and courtly love
Courtly love was a medieval European conception of nobly and chivalrously expressing love and admiration. Generally, courtly love was secret and between members of the nobility. It was also generally not practiced between husband and wife.
Petrarchan/ Italian Sonnet
Original Italian sonnet form in which the sonnet's rhyme scheme divides the poem's 14 lines into two parts, an octet (first eight lines) and a sestet (last six lines).
a sonnet consisting three quatrains and a concluding couplet in iambic pentameter with the rhyme pattern abab cdcd efef gg...
early verse of the Germanic languages in which alliteration, the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words or stressed syllables, is a basic structural principle rather than an occasional embellishment. Although alliteration is a common device in almost all poetry, the only Indo-European languages that used it as a governing principle, along with strict rules of accent and quantity, are Old Norse, Old English, Old Saxon, Old Low German, and Old High German
An Old English poet or bard
fate personified; any one of the three Weird Sisters
In Anglo-Saxon and Germanic law, a price set upon a person's life on the basis of rank and paid as compensation by the family of a slayer to the kindred or lord of a slain person to free the culprit of further punishment or obligation and to prevent a blood feud
a figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole or the whole for a part, the special for the general or the general for the special, as in ten sail for ten ships or a Croesus for a rich man.
a figure of speech that consists of the use of the name of one object or concept for that of another to which it is related, or of which it is a part, as "scepter" for "sovereignty," or "the bottle" for "strong drink," or "count heads (or noses)" for "count people."
A metaphorical phrase used in Germanic poetry (especially Old English or Old Norse) whereby a simple thing is described in an allusive way, such as 'whale road' for 'sea', or 'enemy of the mast' for 'wind
..., use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse
..., incongruity between what might be expected and what actually occurs
Used as an admonition to seize the pleasures of the moment without concern for the future.
In literature, the adjective 'pastoral' refers to rural subjects and aspects of life in the countryside among shepherds, cowherds and other farm workers that are often romanticized and depicted in a highly unrealistic manner. Indeed, the pastoral life is sometimes depicted as being far closer to the Golden age than the rest of human life
..., (logic) a self-contradiction
..., Writing or speech that is used to create vivid impressions by setting up comparisons between dissimilar things, [examples are metaphor, simile, and personification.
..., A six line stanza
..., 8 line stanza
..., a stanza consisting of two successive lines of verse
..., overbearing pride or presumption
..., a narrative form popular during the medieval period; this form of writing is based primarily on the adventures of knights, kings, or distressed ladies. the themes include love, religious faith, the desired for adventure, and often an involvement with supernatural forces. Often, the main character sets forth on a quest or journey and meets with distracting
..., a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity
..., a character in a novel or play; the outward character or role that a person assumes
..., a close relationship between two persons (where sexual desire is nonexistent)
Seven Deadly Sins
..., Pride, Envy, Gluttony, Lust, Anger, Greed, Sloth
..., a figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with 'like' or 'as')
..., a (usually long) dramatic speech intended to give the illusion of unspoken reflections
..., witty language used to convey insults or scorn
..., a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work
..., irony which is serious, sad, unfortunate, evoking pity or fear
..., occurs when what is said contradicts what is meant or thought
Characters 12th Night
Characters Doctor Faustus