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Prehistory

time before written record

Archaeology

the study of human life in the pastthrough the examination of the things that people left behind

Artifacts

objects made and used by humans

Fossils

the remains or imprints of living things that existed millions of years ago

Hunter-Gatherers

lived by hunting small animals and gathering plants

Innovation

a new way of doing things

Nomads

moved from place to place with the seasons

Culture

a way of life

Neanderthals

group of people that appeared in Europe and part of Asia about 200,000 years ago

Homo Sapiens

were the first modern humans/or people like you

Populate

become inhabitants of every region of the world

Migration

the movement of people from their homeland to other places

Environment

surroundings

Adapt

change their way of life

Domesticate

means to change the behavior of a population of animals or plants in ways that are useful for humans

Revelution

a complete change in ways of thinking,working,or living

Surplus

more than they need

Specialize

spend most og their time working at a craft

Economy

the production,distribution,and use of goods and services

Civilazation

is a society that has cities, a well-organized government, and workers with specialized job skills

Resource

a supply of something that can be used as needed

Established Religion

a set of religous beliefs shared by everyone in a society

Social Classes

groups of people that occupy different ranks or levels in society

Hieroglyph

a symbol that can be represent a word,an idea,or a sound

Astronomy

the study of the stars and planets

Architecture

building design

Pyramid

a structure with a flat base and sides shaped like triangles

Irrigation

a system for watering crops

Population

number of people

City-State

made up of a city and the surrounding land and villages that it controls

Barter

a trading system in which people exchange goods directly without using money

Polytheism

they worshiped many gods

Scribe

person who trained to write keep records in ancient times

Kingship

a government headed by a king

Law Code

a written set of laws

Technology

the application of human intelligence to problems to create new and better ways of doing things

Cuneiform

written language of Sumer

Cultural Borrowing

terms means the transfer of ideas or customs from one culture to another

Pictograph

pictures that represent objects

Alphabet

a small set of letters or symbols, each of which stands for a single sound

Conquest

occurs when one people defeats and control another

Empire

a group of countries or peoples who are ruled by one government

Chariots

wheeled war vehicles

Barbarians

people without civilazations

Mary and Louis Leakey

discovered human fossils at a place called Olduvai Gorge in East Africa

Michael Brunet

in 2001 found in the African country of Chad a worn brown humanlike skull.Tests showed the skull to be nearly 7 million years old.

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