word that names a person, place, thing, or idea
name of a specific person, place, thing, or idea
names more than one person, place, or thing; example: principals, switches, communities, toys, leaves, roofs, radios, potatoes, feet, sheep
used as the subject or as part of the subject of a sentence [I, you, he, she, it, we, they]
replaces a noun used after a verb (me, him, her,us, them)
a pronoun that does not refer to a specific, person, place, thing, or idea; Examples: everyone, everything, everybody, anybody, many, most, few, each, some, someone, all, nothing, nobody, and no one
tells what the subject of a sentence does or did; example: She SLEEPS every day. She SLEPT every day.
verb that does not show action but connects the subject with a word in the predicate. (is, are, was, were, has, have, will be, become, seems)
a word that modifies or describes a verb, an adjective, or another adverb (slowly, yesterday, soon, really, very, quite, always)
a word that modifies or describes a noun or pronoun (enormous, fascinating, comfortable, jagged, loquacious)
words that joins words or groups of words. Examples: and, or, but, so
word used to show the relationship of a noun or pronoun to some other word in the sentence. (Examples: in, under, near, behind, to, from, over)
a group of words that begins with a preposition and ends with a noun or pronoun
the noun or object pronoun that receives the action of the action verb
Comes before the direct object. Tells to whom, for whome the action of the verb is done. (Claire threw JOSEPH the ball)
expresses a complete thought and can stand by itself as a sentence
clause that contains a noun and a verb but is set up with a subordinate conjunction, which makes the clause an incomplete thought (Because the magician's rabbit refused to come out of the hat...)
a group of words that is punctuated as if it was a complete sentence but that does not contain both a subject and a verb or does not express a complete thought.
two or more sentences that are incorrectly run together as a single sentence
a, an, the
Articles are always adjectives and can also be called noun markers.
The past tense doesn't add an -ed; Usually the past tense and past participle forms are not the same. Examples: eat--ate; go--went
A word which joins together a dependent clause and an independent clause. Examples are although, because, while, since, if...