Chapter 10: The Roman Empire

49 terms by anw53191

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Founding of Rome

753 BCE

tetrarchy

Greek, "rule by four." A type of Roman government =established in late 3rd century to early

damnation memoriae

the Roman decree condemning those who ran afoul of the Senate. Those who suffered damnatio memoriae had their memorials demolished and their names erased from public inscriptions

tepidarium

the warm-bath section of a Roman bathing establishment

caldarium

the hot bath section of a Roman bathing establishment

frigidarium

the cold-bath section of a Roman bathing establishment

Romulus

...

Remus

...

consuls

In the Roman Republic, the two chief magistrates

senate

Latin senatus, "council of elders." The Senate was the main legislative body of Roman constitutional government

magistrate

an official that had political and military authority

patrician

A Roman freeborn landowner

plebian

The Roman social class that included small farmers, merchants, and freed slaves

pseudoperipteral

In Roman architecture, a pseudoperipteral temple has a series of engaged columns all around the sides and back of the cella to give the appearance of a peripteral colonnade

veristic

true to natural appearance; super-realistic

imagines

In ancient Rome, wax portraits of ancestors

Vesuvius

...

forum

The public square of an ancient Roman city

basilica

In Roman architecture, a public building for legal and other civic proceedings, rectangular in plan with an entrance usually on a long side. In Christian architecture, a church somewhat resembling the Roman basilica, usually entered from one end and with an apse at the other

amphitheater

Greek, "double theater." A Roman building type resembling two Greek theaters put together. The Roman amphitheater featured a continuous elliptical cavea around a central arena

cavea

Latin, "hollow place or cavity." The seating area in ancient Greek and Roman theaters and amphitheaters

barrel vault

semicylindrical in cross-section, is in effect a deep arch or an uninterrupted series of arches, one behind the other, over an oblong space

groin vault

is formed at the point at which two barrel vaults intersect at right angles

domus

a Roman private house

atrium

the central reception room of a Roman house that is partly open to the sky. Also the open, colonnaded court in front of and attached to a Christian basilica

cubiculum

a small cubicle or bedroom that opened onto the atrium of a Roman house. Also, a chamber in an Early Christian catacomb that served as a mortuary chapel

triclinium

the dining room of a Roman house

Pax Romana

...

princeps

Latin, "first citizen." The title Augustus and his successors as Roman emperor used to distinguish themselves from Hellenistic monarchs

pontifex maximus

Latin, "chief priest." The high priest of the Roman state religion, often the emperor himself

imperator

Lation, "commander in chief", from which the word emporor wisnsh

cuirass

a military leather breastplate

denarius

the standard Roman silver coin from which the word penny ultimately derives

continuous narrative

the depiction of the same figure more than once in the same space at different stages of a story

triumphal arch

In Roman architecture, a freestanding arch commemorating an important event, such as a military victory or the opening of a new road

spandrels

the roughly triangular space enclosed by the curves of adjacent arches and a horizontal member connecting to their vertexes; also, the space enclosed by the curve of an arch and an enclosing right angle. The area between the arch proper and the framing columns and entablature

Corinthian column

a more ornate form than doric or ionic; it consists of a double row of acanthus leaves from which tendrils and flowers grow, wrapped around a bell-shaped echinus/

Dacians

...

menorah

In antiquity, the Jewish sacred seven-branched candelabrum

coffer

a sunken panel, often ornamental, in a vault or a ceiling

oculus

Latin, "eye." The round central opening of a dome. Also, a small round window in a Gothic cathedral

equestrian

...

Primaporta Augustus (copy of bronze original)
Roman
ca. 20 BCE

Colosseum
(Flavian Amphitheater, Rome, Italy)
70-80 CE

Column of Trajan
(from Forum of Trajan)
ca. 112 CE

Pantheon exterior
(Rome, Italy)
ca. 118-125 CE

Arch of Constantine
(Rome, Italy)
ca. 312-315 CE

Pantheon interior
(Rome, Italy)
ca. 118-125 CE

rusticated masonry

...

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set