a document incorporating an institution and specifying its rights
a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
It was approved in 1787. It successfully established the delicate balance of giving a national government enough power, but no too much. It abandoned the Articles of Confederation.
English Bill of Rights
King William and Queen Mary accepted this document in 1689. It guaranteed certain rights to English citizens and declared that elections for Parliament would happen frequently. By accepting this document, they supported a limited monarchy, a system in which they shared their power with Parliament and the people.
The Articles of Confederation
the first governing document, or constitution, of the United States of America. The thirteen states were formally thirteen independent countries ("states") until ratification of the Articles, proposed in 1777, was completed in 1781; at that point the "United States of America" legally came into existence, but, as stipulated in the Articles (and in the Constitution of the United States that succeeded them), the states retained full sovereignty and all functions of sovereignty not specifically deputed to the government of the federation.
The Declaration of Independence
an act of the Second Continental Congress, adopted on July 4, 1776, which declared that the Thirteen Colonies in North America were "Free and Independent States" and that "all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved."
Three components of the Declaration of Independence
Major Premise, Minor Premise, Conclusion
ability to choose which religion to practice
first continental congress
The First Continental Congress convened on September 5, 1774, to protest the Intolerable Acts. The congress endorsed the Suffolk Resolves, voted for a boycott of British imports, and sent a petition to King George III, conceding to Parliament the power of regulation of commerce but stringently objecting to its arbitrary taxation and unfair judicial system.
a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)
This document, signed by King John of Endland in 1215, is the cornerstone of English justice and law. It declared that the king and government were bound by the same laws as other citizens of England. It contained the antecedents of the ideas of due process and the right to a fair and speedy trial that are included in the protection offered by the U.S. Bill of Rights
A system of government in which citizens elect representatives, or leaders, to make decisions about the laws for all the people.
A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives
English philosopher who advocated the idea of a "social contract" in which government powers are derived from the consent of the governed and in which the government serves the people; also said people have natural rights to life, liberty and property.
baron de montesquieu
French aristocrat who wanted to limit royal absolutism; Wrote The Spirit of Laws, urging that power be separated between executive, legislative, and judicial branches, each balancing out the others, thus preventing despotism and preserving freedom. This greatly influenced writers of the US Constitution. He greatly admired British form of government.
Jean Jaques Rousseau
the only good government was one form with the consent of the poeple like a social contract between the two