What are the four main types of plants?
Bryophytes, Ferns, Gymnosperms, Angiosperms.
Non-vascular plant( doesnt xylem and phloem.)Requires water for reproduction.
List three features of bryophytes?
Low growing plant,found in moist or shaded areas, and some types hinclude mosses, liverwarts, and hornworts.
Have vascular tissue,have true roots,stems, and leaves. Ferns produce spores on the underside of their leaves called sporeangia. Also require water for fertilization.
How do plants conserve water?
through opening and closing their stomata and a waxy coating.
Name some concepts that are the same between angiosperms and gemnosperms.
both produce seeds and both contain vascular tissue.
What is a seed?
An embryo of a plant that is encased in a protective covering and surrounded by a food supply.
Produces seeds on cones. Includes gnetophtes, cycads, ginkgoes, and pines.
List some characteristics of gymnosperms?
Do not require water for fertilization and contain vascular tissue.
What is an angiosperm?
A flower bearing plant.
List all the characteristics of Angiosperms?
Produce flowers for reproduction, do not require water for fertilization, contain vascular tissue, flowers hold the ovaries which surround and protect the seeds, and fruits are rippened ovaries.
What are roots primary function?
To absorb water and nutrients and to anchor the plant in the ground.
What ways are leaves used?
They are the main photosynthetic system in the plant, produce food for the plant also known as (glucose), waxy coatings help prevent water loss.
This is the support system for the plant?
List all the Male flower reproductive parts?
Stamen, Filament, and Anther.
List all the female reproductive parts?
Carpel, Stigma, Style, Ovary
What is the stamen?
The male flower reproductive parts.
Define a filament?
a long thin structure that supports the anther.
Define an anther?
Flower structure in which pollen grains are produced.
What is a Carpel?
the female reproductive parts.
What is a stigma?
Sticky portion at the top of the style where pollen grains frequently land.
What is a style?
Narrow stalk of the carpel in a flower.
What is an Ovary?
contains one or more ovules.
What is a tendril?
a plant adaptation used to climb walls.
What is a Rhizome?
a plant adaptation used to store water and nutrients.
What is a spine?
a plant adaptation used to protect against water loss.
What is an example of a carniverous plant?
Venus fly trap.