Nervous system diseases

13 terms by aleventhal

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alzheimer's disease

lesions developing in the brain that cause dementia; no known cause

aphasia

inability to speak

cerebral palsy

impairment of involuntary movement from CNS damage; group of disorders involving movement, learning, seeing, hearing...

epilepsy

short circuit of the brain; causes repeated seizures

Glioma

brain tumor caused by neuroglial cells

huntington's disease

enlargement of ventricles; inherited degenerative disorder due to dominant gene

hydrocephalus

increased amounts of cerebrospinal fluid in ventricles of brain "water on the brain"

multiple sclerosis

deterioration of myelin; CNS disorder

neuritis

inflammation of the nerves

Paraplegia

paralysis of lower half of body

Parkinson's disease

disorder of the brain that reduces muscle control; causes trembling and shaking

quadraplegia

paralysis of all four limbs

stroke

also called cerebrovascular accident

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