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dismay

to destroy courage or habitual state of mind

affluence

wealth

melancholy

sad, esp. a lingering or habitual state of mind

transient

passing with time; remaining only briefly

claustrophobia

fear of confined spaces

excruciating

severely painful

doctrine

a set of principles (religious, political, etc.); a rule of law, esp. as established by precedent.

banish

to drive away; to force to leave a place by official decree

phlegmatic

having a calm, sluggish temperament; unemotional

acrimony

bitter, sharp hostility in speech or behavior

ascertain

to discover with certainty, as through examination

putrid

in a foul state, as of decaying flesh; rotten

improvise

to do without preparation

rebuke

to criticize sharply

burgeon

to sprout or grow rapidly

vernacular

informal speech; native language

sinecure

a paid position that requires little or no work

assimilate

to take in as one's own; to absorb; to adapt or adjust to the customs, etc. of a group

facade

outward appearance; the face of a building

arable

suitable for growing crops (of land)

itinerant

traveling from place to place, esp. for work

halcyon

calm; peaceful

redress

to set right; to remedy

deplete

to gradually use up

effrontery

bold and insulting behavior

impoverished

without money; deprived of natural resources

sequester

to move or set apart; to quarantine

epitome

a representative example of a type

moratorium

suspension of activity; authorized delay

hallmark

any mark or symbol of genuineness or high quality

avocation

a hobby

jilt

to reject or cast off

congenial

suited to one's needs or nature; friendly; sympathetic

indefatigable

tireless, unceasing

ensue

to happen subsequently

germane

fitting and appropriate

improvident

not preparing for the future; incautious

sanguine

optimistic, cheerful

blight

a plant disease; something that impairs growth, progress, or prosperity

cantankerous

bad-tempered; quarrelsome

ubiquitous

present everywhere

impinge

to have an effect on something, esp. a negative one; to encroach

diffident

lacking self-confidence; timid; shy

cordial

warm and friendly; hearty

recede

to go back; to withdraw

reprehensible

deserving to be severely criticized

extricate

to remove from an entanglement or difficulty

burnish

to polish

concur

to agree

emulate

to copy someone; to imitate

berate

to scold severely and at length

allegory

a literary work in which the characters represent abstract ideas; a symbolic representation

dire

warning of or having terrible consequences

explicate

to give a detailed, usu. learned explanation or analysis

opportunist

one who takes advantage of every opportunity, whether or not it is moral to do so

incoherent

not sticking together; not logically connected

manifest

obvious; very clear; evident

abdicate

to willingly give up the position of king, queen, etc.; to choose not to fulfill a role or duty

edifice

a building; architectural

contrite

feeling sorry for what one has done

robust

strong and full of health

choleric

easily angered; bad-tempered

repel

to drive or force back; to drive off

solicitous

showing anxious concern

engender

to beget; to cause; to promote

vantage

a position that gives a wide view

provenance

place or source of origin

camaraderie

loyalty; a warm, friendly feeling among members of a group

dogmatic

arrogantly asserting unproved principles

magnanimous

generous; noble in mind

moribund

approaching death; nearly obsolete

disseminate

to scatter widely; (of information) to make known

catharsis

purging of the emotions

amorphous

without definite shape; shapeless; unorganized

affable

friendly; easy to talk to

inculcate

to teach or impress by frequent repetition; to instill

premonition

a sense of future event; a warning in advance

crevice

a crack or narrow fissure

surly

sullen and rude

squander

to spend wastefully

antithesis

direct contrast; opposition

apogee

the highest point; the farthest point in a satellite's orbit

elaborate

detailed; carefully thorough; v. to develop with care or at greater length

bondage

slavery; servitude

panacea

a cure-all or an all-purpose solution

mnemonic

pertaining to or assisting memory

disconsolate

extremely unhappy; seemingly beyond comforting

subterfuge

a sneaky or devious method for avoiding difficulty or unpleasantness

venerable

worthy of honor and respect by reason of dignity, age, etc.

precarious

dangerously insecure or unstable

reticence

the quality or state of being silent or uncommunicative

sullen

showing silent anger and unwillingness to be pleasant to people

antiseptic

free from germs; thoroughly clean; n. a substance that inhibits the growth of germs

repose

relaxation; a state of rest

terse

without unnecessary words; succinct

regimen

a set of rules, usually followed for therapeutic effect

cavalcade

an order of events; a procession

downtrodden

badly and unfairly treated; oppressed

laudable

worth of praise

quintessence

a pure substance or essence of something

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