SVMS Cells and Organelles

22 terms by kaxiak 

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unicellular organism

a single-celled organism

multicellular organism

an organism composed of many cells

organ system

a group of organs that work together to perform a major function

organ

a group of different kinds of tissues that work together

tissue

a group of similar cells that work together to perform a specific function

cell

the basic unit of structure and function in all living organisms

cell theory

All living things are composed of cells.
Cells are the basic unit of structure and function in living things.
All cells are produced from other cells.

organelles

carry out specific functions within the cell

cell membrane

controls what enters and leaves the cell

cell wall

helps to protect and support a plant cell only

nucleus

the cell's control center; contains DNA

DNA

genetic information in chromatin in the cell's nucleus that directs the cell's activities

nucleolus

produces ribosomes

cytoplasm

gel-like fluid between the cell membrane and the nucleus

mitochondria

convert energy from food molecules into energy the cell can use to carry out its functions

endoplasmic reticulum

carries proteins and other materials from one part of the cell to another

ribosomes

produce proteins from DNA copies

Golgi body

receives proteins from the ER, packages them, and sends them out to other parts of the cell

chloroplasts

capture energy from sunlight and use it to produce food in a plant cell only

vacuole (animal cell)

stores materials in an animal cell

vacuole (plant cell)

stores water and helps to provide structure in a plant cell

lysosomes

contain chemicals that break down food into smaller parts and break down old cell parts for recycling

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