CIS 111 Exam 1 Study Questions

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Final Exam Study

What programming language revolutionized the software industry because beginning students could learn it easily?

BASIC

The ________ computer had no keyboard or monitor and used switches on the front of it to enter data using 0s and 1s.

Altair

representation of a fact, figure, or idea

data

turning data into information

processing

data organized in a meaningful way

information

computer programs

software

parts of the computer you can touch

hardware

the means of accessing information over the Internet

WWW

an application program used to view the Web

browser

electronic communication

e-mail

a large network of networks

Internet

a tool used to locate information on the Web

search engine

tiny dot that creates an image on the computer monitor

pixel

unit of measure for processor speed

hertz

the clearness or sharpness of an image

resolution

measurement of printing speed

ppm

measurement of printer resolution

dpi

Web 2.0 is classified as the _____________.

social Web

.com is used for what type of website

Microsoft

.edu is used for what type of website

Yale University

.mil is used for what type of website

U.S. Army

.org is used for what type of website

Red Cross

.uk is used for what type of website

Great Britain

When shopping on the Web, it is better to pay for your purchase with a debit card rather than a credit card.

False

using computer systems to gather legal evidence is called

computer forensics

understanding the capabilities and limitations of computers

computer literacy

the handling and retrieval of information

information technology

computing relating to emotion is called

affective computing

8 bits is called a ____

byte

1 million bytes

megabyte

1,000 bytes

kilobyte

1 billion bytes

gigabyte

0 or 1

bit

The process of searching huge amounts of data with the hope of finding a pattern is called ____________.

data mining

device used to enter data

input device

external device that exchanges data with the computer through ports

peripheral device

device that sends processed data

output device

contains the central electronic components of a computer

motherboard

the metal or plastic case that houses the power source and all the storage devices of a desktop computer

system unit

The first programming language ever developed was BASIC.

False

Using the Internet to get small donations from many people to start a business is called

crowdfunding

First generation

vacuum tubes

Second generation

transistors

Third generation

integrated circuits

Fourth generation

microprocessor chips

processes all commands issued by software instructions

CPU

stores programs and data the computer is currently using

RAM

holds instructions needed to start up when the computer is powered on

ROM

type of technology used on flat-screen monitors

LCD

standard keyboard layout

QWERTY

The acronym of the project funded by ARPA to research the development of the Internet was called ARPANET.

True

Using the Web to communicate and share information with our friends and others is known as _______.

social networking

The technology called QR codes stands for ________.

quick response

If you are a design student, there is no reason for you to know how to use a computer.

False

All of the following are examples of being computer literate, EXCEPT __________.

knowing only how to use your computer for e-mails

The "s" in "https" stands for _______.

secure socket layer

WYSIWYG stands for "What You See Is What You Get".

True

The unique address for a particular Web site is the __________.

URL

The difference between people with access to computers and the Internet and those without this access is known as the ________________.

digital divide

program that enables you to communicate in real time with others online

IM

a means of synchronizing group communication

IRC

personal diary entry posted on the Web

blog

a broadcast clip of audio or video in MP3 or MP4 format

podcast

Web site that allows anyone visiting the site to change its contents

wiki

E-mails are completely private.

False

Joining together as a group to use a specific product more efficiently is called ________.

collaborative consumption

In the URL http://www.pearsonhighered.com/techinaction, the portion labeled "techinaction" is the ________.

path

Wikipedia is a good source for a research paper.

False

All of the following are a type of e-commerce business, EXCEPT _________.

C2B

Restarting your computer while it's powered on is called a cold boot.

False

a protocol that allows files to be transferred from a Web server

HTTP

a computer that hosts the Web site being requested

Web server

a protocol that allows files to be transferred over the Internet

FTP

the location that maintains the computers that store the Web site files

host

the suffix in the domain name after the dot (such as .com or .edu)

top-level domain

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