Hort. 2250 Lecture 7
|Floral Design is ART!|| Follow basic elements/principles of design.|
Tools of the arts.
Do not vary until mastered!
Allow you to express your personality.
|Design Elements|| Color|
|Components||Objects that we use to create design.|
|How does design happen?|| Elements|
|Design Process|| Function|
Use same elements and principles in all forms of visual art.
|Elements of Excellence|| Distinction-Unique Charm, Taste, and Originality.|
Originality-Creative Thinking, Imagination, Vision, Interpretation.
|Color|| Property of light. Eye perceives color in relation to environment.|
There are no ugly colors.
Improper use or placement of color.
|Color Wheel|| Used to study color and relationships.|
12 colors= hues
Divided into categories.
|Primary Colors|| Foundation colors:|
Red-Advancing, Exciting, Warm
Blue-Receeding, Cool, Quieting
|Secondary Colors|| Combination of Primary:|
|Tertiary Colors|| Primary color+Adjacent Secondary Colors|
Primary color listed first:
|Neutral Colors|| White|
|Color Value|| Measurement of the amount of light reflected.|
|Color Intensity|| Brightness or concentration of a color.|
|Color: Psychological Effects|| Set the mood.|
Create emotional feeling.
|Warm Colors|| Red|
|Cool Colors|| Blue|
|Warm+Cool|| Create visual excitement.|
|Color Schemes|| Determined by flower and accessory colors.|
Green in foliages and stems do not count.
Neutral colors do not count
|Color Schemes|| Monochromatic-I color|
Analogous-3 colors side by side
|Contrasting Schemes|| Visually exciting|
Unrelated colors from distant parts of the color wheel.
Determine correct placement.
Complementary, Split, Triadic
|Discordant Schemes|| Use 4 different colors.|
Widely separated on the color wheel.
Offer new territory for experienced designer.
|Form|| 3 Dimensional|
Types of Form:
Repetition of Form
|Closed Form|| Solid|
|Open Form|| Spreading|
Space between parts
|Classic Form|| Simple harmony|
|Interpretive|| Variation of a shape|
Combination of shapes
Discretion of designer
Can add variety an greater interest to a design composition.
The surface quality if any plant material (or other design component) that can be.
The character if the physical surface qualities as determined by:
aggregation of the general character of the plant's minor units.
Texture is illustrated in art when an artist purposely exploits contrasts in surface to provide visual interest
|Texture Change||Is analyzed by:|
Comparison between objects.
Association of objects with each other
Should be done in a logical and graduated manner
Proceed in sequence
Do not block continuity.
Coarse texture in background:
Fine texture in background:
Appears farther away
Is created by and created movement.
Eyes must move to follow it.
Potential for line to suggest motion is basic.
Types of Lines:
Actual Line-produced by linear material
Implied Line-produced by placement of round mass
Psychic line-produced by directional facing flowers
|Categories of Line|| Static line-Solid, structured, still|
Dynamic line- curved, diagonal
Vertical line-Strength, dignity, severity, formality, Exclamation
Curved line-gentleness (hogarth/s curve)
Horizontal line-rest, informality
Increased awareness and enjoyment
More complete sensory satisfaction
Fragrance is expected---disappointment
Clean and pure
Earliest and keenest sense
Favorites, preferences, and dislikes.
Strong fragrances should be avoided for small spaces.
Vary from sweet to delicate to spicy to bold.
|Nature of Scent|| Produced by an essential oil in the flowers or the leaves.|
Flowers-attar (epidermal cells petals)
Formula is unique.
Plant uses the scent to:
Purpose of scent foliage is to repel.
Protection against disease and harmful predators.
Many are strongly antiseptic.