Span of history extending roughly from the year 500 to about 1400; also known as the middle ages; usually divided into two important sub periods
Span of history from about 500 to 1100; an artistic style influenced by the Romans marked by stark simplicity and its use of the rounded arch
Span of history from about 1100 to 1400
The religious and military campaigns that brought westerners into greater contact with the culture of the east
Mass (Divine Liturgy)
The celebration of the Eucharist - the main liturgy or service of the Roman Catholic Church
The texts that are common to all celebrations of the Mass
Those texts in the Mass that are only appropriate for particular occasions or feasts
Office (Divine Office)
A religious ceremony or rite - there are 8 ____s or Canonical Hours which are celebrated every day at stated times in regular order
A type of monophonic liturgical song in which rhythm is determined by text
The kind of chant named after Pope Gregory I
The system of tonal organization that predates the modern major and minor: Dorian, Phrygian, Lydian, and Mixolydian are the names of the most common _____
An early system of medieval notational symbol that indicates musical pitches
An early form of counterpoint in which one or more lines is added to a cantus firmus: at cadences voices must return to the perfect consonances of unison, 5th, or octave
Cantus Firmus (fixed song)
A melody, either composed or taken from another source, on which certain polyphonic works are constructed
Composer-poet of the late twelfth and thirteenth centuries in southern France; wandering minstrel
Composer-poet of the late twelfth and thirteenth centuries in northern France; wandering minstrel
Composer-poet of medieval Germany; wandering minstrel
Solo voice with accompaniment
chivalry, noble, courtly
Secular music became accepted and popular due to the rise of ______ and _____, _____ life.
Medieval music is based on the eight ____ modes that have their origins in ___ musical theory.
church modes, unknown, mono, Latin
Chant: 1) based on ____ _____, 2) composers ______, 3) ____phonic, 4) rhythms derived from _____ texts
church modes, anonymous, poly, organized
Organum: 1) based on ______ ____, 2) composers no longer _____, 3) ____phonic, 4) _____ rhythm
Main musical innovations of the Gothic period are 1) _____, 2) ______
Composition replaced improvisation, invention of musical notation, music more consciously structured, polyphony replaced monophony
What were the important changes that took place in the Gothic period?
_____ is the scientific system of philosophy that arose in the Gothic period that argued that while religious dogma was unquestionable and infallible, it could be explained and clarified by means of logic and reason. This lead to humanism.
Monk; one of the principle innovators of musical notation
Hildegard von Bingen
Mystic; one of the earliest composers of Gothic music; one of the earliest identified women composers; wrote religious music set to her own poetry
Composer, choirmaster at the Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris; famous for his two-voiced organa for the Propers of many Masses
Composer, choirmaster at the Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris; famous for the composition of 3 or 4 voice organum with greater rhythmic precision
Philippe de Vitry
Composer, wrote a treatise on the "new art" of the period
Composer, served the French court; known also as a poet; musical compositions exhibit current trends toward greater secularity, greater length, and greater rhythmic complexity
"Ave Maria" (chant, organum, motet, secular music, mass)
"Dies Irae" (chant, organum, motet, secular music, mass)
"O Ierusalem" (chant, organum, motet, secular music, mass)
"Sederunt Principes" (chant, organum, motet, secular music, mass)
"Petre Clements, tam re quam nimine" (chant, organum, motet, secular music, mass)
"Vil lieber grüsse" (chant, organum, motet, secular music, mass)
Messe de Notre Dame, "Kyrie" (chant, organum, motet, secular music, mass)
Most art in the Middle Ages was ____
_____ was the language of learned people.
Official language of the Catholic Church
Only part of the mass not in Latin
Official language of the Byzantine Church
The earliest chants were _____
Text from the requiem
Literally means "rest"; specific type of mass (mass for the dead; ordinary and proper)
Day of wrath
Places where people who thought alike gathered, places for monks, where people were educated
Royalty (a nobleman); he lives in a mansion; all of the people who live around him, serve him
Vocal, polyphonic; sacred text that is not liturgical
First line of text in the Gloria and credo
Who wrote "O Ierusalem"?
Who wrote "Sederunt principes"?
Who wrote "Petre Clements, tam re quam nimine"?
Who wrote "Vil lieber grusse"?
Who wrote the Messe de Notre Dame?