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rhine river

supreme european river, begins in the alps emptys in the north sea

Europe

stretches from the the Atlantic ovean in the west to the ural mountains in the east, from the artic ocean in the north to the mediterranean sea

Europe

small compared to other countrys

northwest highlands

acient eroded rugged hills and low mountains ireland, england,and scandinavia

central uplands

hills and small plateau's and small mountains

alpine mountain system

europes major mountain range 14000 ft above sea level

northearn european plain

stetches to the atlantic coast to the eural mountains, some of the most fertile farmland in the world

fjords

narrow deep inlets of the sea between high, rocky cliffs, they are along norways coast.

tectonic activity

is occuring today because a subduction zone is located off the coast of southern italy. Greece creates powerful earthquakes and volcanes (alps)

iceland

called the land of fire and ice because their are volcanoes and glaciers side by side

Europe

almost surrounded by water in the south its connected to the black sea by the narrow bosporus. Geographers consider this to be a boundry between europe and asia. The north baltic, and artic ocean also surround europe,north baltic,artic ocean,norm sea,baltic sea,north atlantic ocean

northwest highland,central uplands,alpine mountain system, northern european plain

four major land form regoins

Europe's

interior towns and cities have accesability to the sea through canals anf rivers

rhine, danube

europes most important river. _____ rises in the swiss alps, _______ begins in the uplands of southern germany and empties into the black sea

marine west coast, medditeraian, humid continetal

three major climate types in europe

marine west coast

cloudy mild summers and cool rainy winters, strong ocean influence

medditerainan

dry sunny, warm summers and mild wet winters

humid continetal

distinct seasons, long cold winters and short warm summers.

prevaling westerly winds

carry warm moist air across much of the north western europe which brings mild temperatures and rain

4 major biomes

temperate forest, mediterranean scrub forest, borreal forest, and tundra

temperate forest

temperate climates

mediterranean scrub forest

dry areas

borreal forest

northearn europe

tundra

iceland, adn scandinavia

European plain

best european farming soil

loess

fine-grained wind blown soil that is fetile

Europe

crop fields among the highest in the world because efficent methods and tecnology has made it the highest fertilizers, crop rotation

Eastern Europe

under the control of communist rule after world warII

fishing

important part of the european economy

no place in europe

is more than 300 miles from the sea

Europes

main oil and natural gas deposits lie beneath the north sea

lignite

soft brown coal

polder

land taken back from the sea

to create it the dutch built earthen walls called dikes along the shoreline. the used the drainaged land for farming.

polder

iberian

spain, portugal

italian

italy

balkan

greece

jutland

denmark

scandinavian

norway, sweden

eastern shore of battle

finland

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