system of law based on customs and last decisions
to set down in writing
citizens elect officials to represent them in government
basic set of laws and principals used to set up government
absolute rule by government that ignores rights of the citizens
to stop buying goods/services
person who represents a group
A law making body made of two houses (bi means 2). Example: Congress (our legislature) is made of two house - The House of Representatives and The Senate.
power distribution system that divides power between national, state, and local government
Describe the Magna Carta
document that guaranteed right to the public; first document in history to limit power of the king
Describe the Declaration of Independance
Declared freedom from Britain
Describe the Articles of Confederation
Unsucessful; Very little power to main government, each colony had own rules: only main gov. was allowed to admit new states, protect the natives, and to borrow money.
The United States Constitution
The document defines the three main branches of the government: The legislative branch with a bicameral Congress. Besides providing for the organization of these branches, the Constitution carefully outlines which powers each branch may exercise. It also reserves numerous rights for the individual states, thereby establishing the United States' fedeal system of goverment.
Define the English Bill of Rights
Shifted power from monarch to parliament.
Which ancient civilization came up with the idea of democracy?
Which ancient civilization came up with the idea of a republic?
What 4 contibutions did the english make that gave ideas to the americans for developing their government?
1. English Common Law
2. Magna Carta
4. English Bill of Rights
What 3 ideas were the colonial governments based on?
1. Limited gov.
2. Representative Gov.
3. Individual Rights
Who is the main author of the Declaration of Independence?
What was the name of the meeting in Philly where delegates met to discuss developing a stronger national gov.?
Which constitutional plan called for a bicameral legislation?
The Virginia Plan
What event showed the rest of America that we need to get rid of the Articles of Confederation? Explain.
Shays' Rebellion because if a bunch of farmers could take over Massachusetts, than our army and association with each other is weak.
Where did the Americans get their ideas on how to set up a government?
1. Ancient History
2. English Heritage
3. European Philosophers
What were the reasons the colonists wanted to break away from England?
1. Abuse of Power
2. Didn't bother with them for 150 years
3. Didn't give them any help with setting up their colonies
4. Tyranny-no representation in Parliament.
What was the reason England felt the colonists should remain a part of Britain?
1. Gave them permission to travel to America
2. Protected them during the French and Indian War
What was "The Great Compromise"?
Agreement of both the NJ and VA plans; started up the constitution
Why was the US unable to fix their problems after the Revolutionary War?
The Articles of Confederation did not give the main government enough power.
What were the concerns the colonists had about the new situation and how did the gov. deal with that?
1. No individual rights--->bill of rights
2. Too powerful gov.--->3 branch gov system