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__________ are the rules or languages in which networking is possible.

Protocols

Which layer of the OSI model covers the cabling and electrical signaling?

Physical

What is the primary protocol used by Windows to communicate over a network?

TCP/IP

On which layer of the OSI model is IPv4 Addressing included?

Network

What is used to specify which bits of an IPv4 address are used for the network identifier and which bits are used for the host identifier?

Subnet mask

In what class is the address of 156.43.75.212?

Class A

What is the default subnet mask for 198.54.65.3?

255.255.255.0

What is used to avoid assigning entire addresses of a particular class to networks that didn't have that many hosts?

CIDR

If you have an IPv4 address of 123.54.34.77 with a subnet mask of 255.255.240.0, what is the CIDR notation?

/20

What would a corporation use to allow private IPv4 addresses to communicate with the Internet?

NAT

What server automatically assigns IP addresses?

DHCP

What type of address is the FCC0:0:0:0B5D:FF:BE3B:F4F7:3311?

IPv6

Which type of address defines a single network interface in a computer or other device?

Unicast

Which type of IPv6 address is unique throughout the IPv6 universe?

Global

What type of address mechanism is a tunneling protocol that enables computers to transmit IPv6 packets through NAT routers that do not support IPv6?

Teredo

TCP is considered a __________ protocol.

Connection-oriented

What do you call codes that identify specific applications running on the system?

Ports

What utility or tool allows you to view and manage all your network connections?

Network and Sharing Center

What is a software routine that acts as a virtual barrier between a computer and the network to which it is attached?

Firewall

What command is used to test network connectivity between two hosts?

Ping

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