Peace of Rome
The name for the first five books of the Old Testament: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. It contains the Law (Torah).
The Law or divine teaching revealed to Judaism. It is the foundation of the Jewish religion and is found in Pentateuch.
An ancient Essene monastery on the northwestern shore of the Dead Sea. Near it were found the ancient Dead Sea Scrolls.
A word meaning "revelation" or "unveiling." Apocolyptic writings, usually written in times of crisis, use highly symbolic language to bolster faith by reasurring believers that the current age, subject to the forces of evil, will end when God intervenes and establishes a divine rule of goodness and peace.
Ark of the Covenant
The portable shrine built to hold the tablets on which Moses wrote the Law. It was the sign of God's presence to the Israelites. King Solomon built the Temple in Jerusalem to house the Ark.
An Aramaic term of endearment meaning "daddy." Jesus used this word to teach that God is a loving Father.
The major lawmaking body and supreme court of Judaism.
The translation of the Sacred Scriptures into Aramaic paraphrases.
God's messenders; angels are created beings that possess free will and intelligence but who are pure spirits, without bodies.
Dead Sea Scrolls
Ancient scrolls containing the oldest known manuscripts of the books of the Old Testament in Hebrew.
Descendants of the Maccabees who rules in Judea after the ousting of the last of the Syrians until the establishment of the Roman Authority.
Name the three major regions of Palestine
Galilee region (North, central, or South?)
Samaria region (North, central, or South?)
Judea region (North, central, or South?)
Significant fact about Galilee?
Jesus and most of the apostles were from here.
Significant fact about Samaria?
Jews hated the Samaritans
Significant face about Judea?
has the temple in Jerusalem
What language did Jesus speak?
What language was used in reading the sacred Jewish texts aloud in the synagogue?
What was the common language spoken throughout the Roman Empire?
What is the difference between the Temple and a synagogue?
There was only one Temple but many synagogues.
3 main purposes for the synagogue
1) House of prayer
2) Place for discussion of legal settlements
3) The local school
What is the significance of the Jewish feast Passover?
celebrated the chosen people's liberation from Egypt
What is the significance of the Jewish feast Pentecost?
was a feast day held 50 days after Passover
What is the significance of the Jewish feast Tabernacles?
was a fall harvest celebration
Mostly priests and aristocrats who cared for Temple practices and worship.
Name two prominent Pharisees
1) Rabbi Shammai
2) Rabbi Hillel
Name one prominent Tax Collector
Gentiles that converted to Judaism.
Gentiles that accepted many Jewish beliefts but did not undergo circumcision.
How did Jesus treat woman?
He treated them as equals.
Jewish belief regarding angels and demons?
Most Jews belived in the existance of angels (divine messengers) and demons who warred against God.