A group of people, selected by the president and approved by the senate, that help advise the president on major issues.
Was appointed secretary of war by Washington.
Was appointed as attorney general by Washington.
Judiciary Act (1789)
One of congress' first laws that established a Supreme Court with one chief justice and five associate justices.
Lesser courts created by Congress to handle problems in states.
The highest court that has the power to rule on the constitutionality of decisions made by state courts.
All the money that the government owes.
The new and developing industries in the United States.
A bank created for for depositing government funds and for printing bank notes that would become the basis for U.S. Currency
tariffs; excise taxes
Since the tariffs were set lower than Hamilton wanted be persuaded Congress to pass excise taxes, particularly on the sale of whiskey.
A series of wars between the new French Republic and the monarchies of Europe.
Proclamation of Neutrality
Washington declaring the U.S. Neutral in the matters of the French Revolution.
"Citizen" Edmond Genet
The French minister to the U.S. who broke all the normal rules of diplomacy by trying to appeal directly to the American people to support the French Revolution. The government called for his removal but later became a citizen.
Jay Treaty (1794)
The treaty in which the British agreed to evacuate U.S. Post but not to stop British seizures of American merchant ships.
Spain became afraid of the U.S. becoming closer to Britain and sent Thomas Pinckney to negotiate a treaty that would open he lower Mississippi River and New Orleans to American trade.
right of deposit
It also let Americans transfer cargoes in New Orleans without paying duties to Spain.
Battle of Fallen Timbers
The U.S. Defeated the Shawnee, Wyandot, and the other Native American people because they were suspected to be getting weapons from the British who ordered them to attack the settlers.
Whiskey Rebellion (1794)
A group of farmers who could not afford to pay the whiskey tax that attacked revenue collectors but his rebellion was put down when Washington sent 15,000 soldiers, under the command of Alexander Hamilton, and the rebellion ended without any bloodshed.
Public Land Act
Established orderly procedures for dividing and selling lands on the new territories at reasonable prices.
1790s were dominated by two Federalist presidents.
Opposed Hamilton and supported Jefferson. They tried to elect candidates who also opposed Hamilton.
Temporarily formed factions between legislators to vote together either for or against a specific policy.
Washington's farewell address
Before leaving office Washington advised Americans not to get involved in European affairs, against forming permanent alliances in foreign affairs, not to form political parties, and to avoid sectionalism.
Long lasting alliances between nations to help each other out in everything permanently.
Later presidents' following Washington's example to only be in office for two terms.
Became the second president, he was the choice of the Federalist, he beat Thomas Jefferson by three electoral votes.
The French were seizing American ships and president Adams sent delegates to help find out a peaceful solution, but French ministers X,Y, and Z requested bribes to enter negotiations. This infuriated many Americans.
Alien and Sedition Acts
Had 3 parts: Part one was the Naturalization Act which increased from five to 14 the number of years required to qualify for citizenship, part two was the alien acts which authorized the president to deport any aliens considered dangerous and detain any enemy aliens in time of war, and part three the sedation act which made it illegal for newspaper editors to criticize either the president or Congress.
Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions
Jefferson and Madison's response to Alien and Sedition Acts. Promoted states' right to nullify federal laws considered unconstitutional.
Revolution of 1800
He peaceful passing of power from one political party to another.
Became the third president of the United States he also wrote the Declaration of Independence.
Jefferson purchased the territory of Louisiana from the French for $15 Million, had originally set out to purchase New Orleans for $10 Million, which doubled he size of the United States.
French general who became emperor of the French and had obtained the Louisiana Territory because he wanted to restore France's empire in the Americas, but later lost interest.
Led a rebellion against French rule, Napoleon, on he island of Santo Domingo and inflicted heavy losses on the French.
strict interpretation, of constitution
Jefferson like most Americans strongly approve of the Louisiana Purchase, but he was committed to a strict interpretation of the Constitution. Unlike him Hamilton favored a loose interpretation of the Constitution.
Lewis and Clark expedition
Before Louisiana was purchased Jefferson persuaded Congress to fund a scientific exploration of the trans-Mississippi West to be lead by Captain Meriwether Lewis and Lieutenant William Clark.
He was appointed Supreme Court Justice by John Adams and remained there for 34 years.
The Supreme Court had the power to decide whether an act of Congress or he president was or was not allowed by the Constitution.
Marbury v. Madison
William was suing Jefferson for commission because he tried to stop an appointment made by Adams. Marshall ruled that Marbury had the right to his commission because of the Judiciary Act of 1789, but also that the act itself as unconstitutional.
The vice president for Jefferson's first term, but not for the second term which led him to embark on a series of ventures.
A faction of the party of Aaron Burr who opposed him and accused him of abandoning Republican principles and for the Napoleonic wars in Europe.
Pirates that charged the United States money in order for them not to seize American ships.
Both France and Britain seized the ships of Neutral nations and confiscated their cargo, the British more then the French because hey had a larger navy.
The British captured U.S. Sailors and forced them to serve in the British Navy.
The British warship the Leopard fired on the U.S. warship Chesapeake and killed three Americans and took four captive and impressed them into the British Navy.
Embargo Act (1807)
This act prohibited American merchant ships from sailing to any foreign port. This was an attempt to stop he British from violating the right of Neutral nations by stopping trade win them. This act backfired and affected the U.S. Economy and not the British's.
Became the fourth president of the United States with the help of former president Thomas Jefferson.
Nonintercourse Act (1898)
Allowed the United States to trade with all the nations except Britain and France.
Macon's Bill No. 2
A bill sent to Congress by Nathaniel Marco provided that if either Britain or France formally agreed to respect U.S. neutral rights at see hen the U.S. Would not trade with their enemy.
Shawnee twin brothers, a religious leader and warrior that tried to unite all the tribes east of the Mississippi River, but was stopped by General William Henry Harrison.
William Henry Harrison
Was the governor of the territory of Indiana he destroyed he Shawnee headquarters and put an end to Tecumseh's efforts to form an Indian Confederacy.
Battle of Tippecanoe
Tye battle where General Henry William Harrison destroyed the Shawnee Headquarters.
Young Republicans from frontier states like Kentucky, Tennessee, an Ohio eager for war with Britain.
Leader of Kentucky war hawks that argued that war was the only way to defend American honor, gain Canada,and destroy Native American resistance on the frontier.
John C. Calhoun
He leader of the South Carolina war hawks.
War of 1812
War between the U.S. and Great Britain which lasted until 1814, ending with the Treaty of Ghent.
The nickname of the American war ship the Constitution that raised American morale by defeating and sinking British ships off the coast of Novia Scotia.
Battle of Lake Erie
Navel battle where Captain Oliver Hazard defeated led the battle against the British at Lake Erie.
Oliver Hazard Perry
Declared "We have met he enemy and they are ours". His navel victory prepared the way for General William Henry Harrison's military victory at the Battle of Thames River.
Battle of the Thames River
The battle where General William Henry Harrison defeated the British at the Battle if the Thames River and killed Tecumseh.
A young navel captain who defeated the British fleet on Lake Champlain and forced them to abandon their plan to invade New York and New England.
Battle of Lake Champlain
The battle where Thomas Macdonough defeated the British and forced them to abandon their plan to invade New York and New England.
Francis Scott Key, "The Star-Spangled Banner"
Immortalizes the British attempt to take Baltimore, but fort McHenry held out after a night's bombardment.
Was the General if the southern campaign.
Battle of Horseshoe Bend
Jackson ended the power of an important British ally. It also opened new lands to white settlers.
The important Ally if the British.
Battle of New Orleans
Jackson lead a forse of free blacks and Creoles that haunted a major British effort in New Orleans to control the Mississippi River.
Treat of Ghent (1814)
The terms of he treaty were to halt the fighting, to return all of the conquered territory to the prewar claimant, and the recognization of the prewar boundary between Canada and the United States.
Hartford Convention (1814)
A convention held because the New England radical Federalist urged the constitution be amended, and that as a last resort, secession be voted upon. In order to limit their power in he sound and the west they called for a two-thirds vote of both houses to declare war in the future.