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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. cocktail party effect
  2. phi phenomenon
  3. motion parallax
  4. bottom up processing
  5. selective attention
  1. a the focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus, as in the cocktail party effect
  2. b Ability to attend to any one voice among many.
  3. c Processing in which a whole is constructed from parts
  4. d the apparently swift motion of objects close to a moving observer and the apparently slow motion of objects farther away
  5. e the illusion of movement created when two or more stationary lights separated by a short distance flash on and off at regular intervals

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. conversion of one form of energy into another. in sensation, the transforming of stimulus energies, such as sights, sounds, and smells, into neural impulses our brains can interpret.
  2. an approach to psychology that seeks to explain how we perceive overall patterns
  3. the intensity at which a given individual can detect a sensory stimulus 50% of the time; a low threshold indicates the ability to detect faint stimuli
  4. an increase or decrease in an object apparent brightness because of the effects of objects around it.
  5. in Gestalt psychology the tendency to perceive simple, symmetrical figures

5 True/False Questions

  1. similarityin Gestalt psychology the tendency to perceive objects that resemble each other as belonging to a group


  2. visual cliffa laboratory device for testing depth perception in infants and young animals


  3. moon illusionthe apparent difference between the size of the moon at the horizon and its size when viewed higher


  4. top down processingInformation processing guided by higher level mental processes, as when we construct perceptions drawing on our experience and expectations.


  5. Ames RoomGerman physiologist who studied sensory responses to stimuli and is considered the father of psychophysics (1795-1878)


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