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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. optical illusion
  2. similarity
  3. visual constancy
  4. waterfall illusion
  5. signal -detection theory
  1. a a phenomenon in which prolonged staring at a waterfall and then looking at nearby cliffs causes those cliffs to appear to flow upward.
  2. b in Gestalt psychology the tendency to perceive objects that resemble each other as belonging to a group
  3. c the tendency to perceive objects as unchanging in shape, size, and color, despite variations in what actually reaches the retina
  4. d a misinterpretation of a visual stimulus as being larger or smaller, or straighter, or more curved, than it really is
  5. e the study of people's tendency to make hits, correct rejections, misses and false alarms

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. the apparent difference between the size of the moon at the horizon and its size when viewed higher
  2. in Gestalt psychology, the tendency to fill in the gaps in an interrupted line
  3. the tendency to perceive objects as being part of the same group if they change or move in similar ways at the same time
  4. an approach to psychology that seeks to explain how we perceive overall patterns
  5. a perception that an object is moving and the background is stationary when in fact the object is stationary and the background is moving

5 True/False questions

  1. motion parallaxthe apparent difference between the size of the moon at the horizon and its size when viewed higher


  2. subliminal perceptionthe perception of distance, which enables us to experience the world in three dimension


  3. selective attentionthe focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus, as in the cocktail party effect


  4. reversible figurea stimulus that you can perceive in more than one way


  5. phi phenomenonthe illusion of movement created when two or more stationary lights separated by a short distance flash on and off at regular intervals


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