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Wilmot Proviso

Bill that would ban slavery in territories acquired in Mexican War

Secession

decision by the state to leave union

Compromise of 1850

Includes California admitted as a free state, the Fugitive Slave Act, Made popular sovereignty in most other states from Mexican- American War

Popular Sovereignty

allowing the people of the teritory to make decisions, especially about slavery

Stephen A. Douglas

Senator from Illinois who ran for president against Abraham Lincoln. Wrote the Kansas-Nebreaska Act and the Freeport Doctrine

Millard FIllmore

elected Vice President and became the 13th President of the United States when Zachary Taylor died in office (1800-1874)

Fugitive Slave Act

Law that provided for harsh treatment for escaped slaves and for those who helped them.

Personal Liberty Law

Northerners way around the Fugitive Slave Act

Underground Railroad

a system that helped enslaved African Americans follow a network of escape routes out of the South to freedom in the North

Harriet Tubman

"Conductor" of Underground Railroad

Harriet Beecher Stowe

Author of the antislavery novel Uncle Tom's Cabin

Kansas-Nebraska Act

Law that split Nebraska into the territories of Nebraska and Kansas and allowed for popular sovereignty.

John Brown

Fierce opponent of slavery who led a raid that killed anti-abolitionist.

Bleeding Kansas

Term referring to bloodshed over popular sovereignty in a particular western territory

The Pottawatomie Massacre

John Brown butchered 5 proslavery settlers in relatiation to a group of Border Ruffians burned the antislavery town of Lawrence.

Charles Sumner/Preston Brooks

Preston Brooks felt that Sumner speech spread libel on South Carolina and Mr.Butler

Franklin Pierce

14th President

Nativism/ Know-Nothing Party

a policy of favoring native-born individuals over foreign-born ones

Free-Soil Party

this political group opposed expansion of slavery into western territories

Horace Greeley

Newspaper editor who strongly supported the newly-formed Republican Party

John C. Fremont

republican candidate in the 1856 presidential election

James Buchanan

15th President of the United States

Dred Scott

United States slave who sued for liberty after living in a non-slave state

Roger B.Taney

Chief Justice who declared slaves property

Abraham Lincoln

16th U.S. President. 1861-1865 (Assassinated). Republican National Union

Harpers Ferry

Location of federal arsenal that John Brown raided to get guns to arm slaves

Confederacy

the southern states that seceded from the United States in 1861

Jefferson Davis

President of the Confederate States of America

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