US History Chapter 5-8 Test Review

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In 1786 Massachusetts's debtor farmers rebelled against the state government and wrer defeated in battle. This was?

Shay's Rebellion

It was difficult to amend the Articles of Confederation because amendments had to be approved by?

The States and the also the votes had to be unanimous

The model for many of the delegates to the Constitutional Convention was the?

Roman Republic

The Great Compromise settled the issue of representation in Congress by allowing each state?

2 senators and representatives by population

The principle of the Three-fifths compromise was that?

They would count the slave population by 3/5

The most drastic departure from past experience under the new constitution was the creation of a powerful?

Presidency

The president's veto power and the impeachment power of Congress are both examples of?

Checks and balances

As president, George Washington was careful not to exceed the powers given him by the?

The Constitution

George Washington's Cabinet was chosen without regard to _______ or personal agreement with him

Political Affiliation

The Bill of Rights guaranteed that Congress would not interfere with the right(s) to freedom of?

Speech, press and religion

The purpose of the _______ Amendment to the Constitution was to mollify those who feared the states would be destroyed by the new government.

10th

Alexander Hamilton believed that the United States needed a strong?

Central Government

The French Revolution and the ensuing war between France and Great Britain tended to widen the split between American _______ the federalist for the British the republicans for the French.

Political Parties

When confronted by the Whiskey Rebellion in 1794, Washington suppressed it peacefully with a tremendous?

Show of Force

In his "Farewell Address," George Washington indicated his belief that ______ were harmful and divisive.

Political Parties

In the election of 1800 Jefferson was finally chosen president by the?

House of Representatives

A direct consequence of the election of 1800 was the constitutional amendment stipulating separate Electoral College ______ for president and vice president.

Balance

Thomas Jefferson was an early defender of the ______ Revolution

French

During his first term, Jefferson fought a small naval war, attempting to resist the blackmail of the?

Barbary Pirates

For Jefferson, one of the most important reasons for the Louisiana Purchase was that it secured access to the mouth of the?

Mississippi river

The leader who abandoned his plans for an empire in the New World and sold Louisiana to the United States was?

Napoleon

The duel between Alexander Hamilton and Aaron Burr resulted from ______ campaigning against Burr and questioning his character ________

1. Hamilton 2. Lies; Aspersions

One of the purposes of the Lewis and Clark expedition was to establish official relations with?

The Native Americans

In addition to the Lewis and Clark expedition, Jefferson dispatched ______ to explore the upper Mississippi Valley and the Colorado region.

Zebulon pike

According to the section, "Mapping the Past: A Water Route to the Pacific," one of the purposes of Lewis and Clark's expedition was to learn if the _______ River connected with a water route to the Pacific.

Missouri

The "Burr Conspiracy" was an unsuccessful attempt to separate a part of?

West from the United States

In Aaron Burr's trial for treason neither _______ nor chief justice Marshall acted impartially.

President Jefferson

The British practice of forcibly removing British deserters from American ships was called?

Impressment

Under _____, exports were totally prohibited and only foreign vessels were allowed to import goods to America.

The Embargo

The Embargo Act of 1807 was resented and resisted by?

Large Number of Americans

Congress repealed the____ in 1809 because it harmed American commerce rather than that of the British and French.

Embargo Act

One of the major reasons for American entry in the War of 1812 was the American belief that the _______ were inspiring Native American resistance to American expansion.

British

The Shawnee chief who tried to bind all of the tribes east of the Mississippi into a great confederation in the early 1800s was?

Tecumseh

Tecumseh's brother, Tenskwatawa (or "The Prophet") declared Native Americans should?

should give up the white ways

Among the causes of the War of 1812 was the desire of westerners to expand into?

Canada

The War Hawks called for war against Great Britain because?

They wanted to defend national honor and save America from British domination

The greatest opposition to the War of 1812 came from the ______ in maritime states

Shipowners

In the War of 1812 the most effective American action against British shipping was by?

privateering merchant men

The major U.S. city sacked and burned by the British in 1814 was?

Washington D.C.

The Treaty of Ghent (1814) ending the War of 1812 was?

Washington D.C.

The Battle of New Orleans in 1815 resulted in the emergence of ______ as a military hero.

Andrew Jackson

The American general who pursued the Seminole Native Americans into Florida and seized two Spanish forts was?

Andrew Jackson

The Transcontinental Treaty of 1819 transferred Florida to the United States for $5 million dollars and settled the southern boundary of the _________ to the Pacific.

Luisiana Territory

The Monroe Doctrine hoped to isolate the United States from involvement in?

European Affair

The Monroe Doctrine's warning against European interference in America came because ______ colonies rebelled to gain their independence.

Spanish

John C. Calhoun of South Carolina was devoted to the South but known for his?

broad national view

The essential question involved in the Missouri Compromise was: would Missouri come into the Union as?

slave state or free state

Northern objections to admitting Missouri as a slave state were based on?

over representation over the 3/5 law

The state admitted to the Union on the condition that, in the future, slavery was prohibited in the area of the Louisiana Purchase north of the 36° 30' was?

Missouri

The president chosen in 1824 by the House of Representatives when no candidate received a majority of votes in the Electoral College was?

John Quincy Adams

Southerners called the Tariff of 1828 the "Tariff of Abominations" because it threatened to impoverish the South with its?

excessively high rates

Calhoun's theory of nullification in the South Carolina Exposition and Protest maintained that states could?

refuse to follow laws that are unconstitutional

The _______ was an early nineteenth century development that constitued the combined solution to the problems of locating sufficient capital, transporting raw materials to factories and products to consumers, and supervising large numbers of workers.

Market Revolution

The first American factory was developed by?

Samuel Slater

The merchant who headed the Boston Associates, owners of the innovative Waltham mills, was?

Francis Lloyd

Most workers in the earliest textile factories were women and?

Children

Under the "Waltham System," young farm women worked and lived under?

strictly supervised conditions

The American population more than doubled between 1790 and 1820 primarily because of the?

High Birth Rate

In the 1830s and 1840s thousands of poor and wretched immigrants flooded into America from Ireland and?

Germany

According to your text, by far the most important indirect effect of industrialization occurred when the South began to produce cotton to supply the new textile mills of?

New England and Britain

The inventor of a cotton gin, which removed seeds from upland cotton, was?

Eli Whitney

For a generation after 1815, the most expansive force in the American economy was?

cotton

A successful and bloody slave revolt led to the creation in 1804 of the black republic of?

Haiti

The Republic of Liberia in western Africa was founded by?

American Colonization society

The shift to cotton production caused a demand for more labor which was met by a renewed growth of

slavery

By 1820, interstate slave trade in the South was?

well organized business

The natural highway for western commerce and communication in the early 19th century was the _____ River

Mississippi

In the 1790s and early 1800s private companies built roads called?

Turnpikes

American inventor Robert Fulton perfected the first commercially successful?

Steamboat

A major improvement in the transportation network in the 1820s and 1830s was the construction of?

canals

The greatest advantage which early canals offered was?

direct link between the Midwest and Eastern Seaboard

The mayor of New York City who organized information and political influence to convince the state legislature to construct the Erie Canal was?

De Witt Clinton

Immediately after the Erie Canal was completed, it was a?

Success

The Erie Canal solidly established _______ importance in commerce

New York City's

The Supreme Court's decision in Dartmouth College v. Woodward (1819) upheld the principle of the sanctity of?

the original charter of the college

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