Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory
rests on the repression of painful experiences into the unconscious mind
Freud on personality
It arises as a result of conflicts between social restraints against our biological impulses
Pleasure focuses on bowel and bladder elimination; coping with demands for control
The role of repressed childhood conflicts in personality disorders is most clearly emphasized by the ________ perspective.
Jaydon doesn't realize that his alcohol abuse and neglect of his family is leading to the destruction of both family and career. A psychoanalyst would suggest that Jaydon shows signs of a:
Freud suggested that adults with a passive and submissive personality marked by a childlike dependency demonstrate signs of:
an oral fixation
Bryce often acts so daring and overly confident that few people realize he is actually riddled with unconscious insecurity and self-doubt. Bryce best illustrates the use of a defense mechanism known as:
In 1921, Hermann Rorschach introduced what has become the most widely used ________ test.
Abraham Maslow suggested that individuals who are open, spontaneous, and not paralyzed by others' opinions illustrate:
Humanistic psychology has been most closely associated with an emphasis on the importance of:
a positive self-concept
Which personality test classifies people in terms of the personality dimensions highlighted by Carl Jung?
Myers-Briggs Type Indicator
Which technique would psychologists use to assess whether a cluster of characteristics that includes ambition, determination, persistence, and self-reliance reflects a single personality trait?
During a phone call to the Psychic Network, Mark was told that "you often worry about things much more than you admit, even to your best friends." Mark's amazement at the psychic's apparent understanding of his personality best illustrates:
The Barnum effect
Sarah's optimism is both a contributor to and a product of her successful career accomplishments. This best illustrates:
Marcy believes that the outcome of athletic contests depends so much on luck that it hardly pays to put any effort into her own athletic training. Her belief most clearly illustrates
an external locus of control
Although she is intelligent and a good athlete, Abigail believes that her low grades in school and losing the quarter-mile race are reflections of her own intellectual and athletic incompetence. Her conclusions best illustrate:
a pessimistic attributional style
When Vanessa noticed that she was wearing mismatched socks, she overestimated the extent to which others would also notice. Her reaction best illustrates:
the spotlight effect
Although Alex has frequently been caught stealing money and other valuables from friends as well as strangers, he does not feel guilty or remorseful about robbing these people. Alex most clearly demonstrates a(n):
Bonnie is afraid to express anger at her overbearing and irritating supervisor at work, so she is critical of her children instead. A psychoanalyst would suggest that Bonnie's reaction to her children illustrates:
Children who have witnessed a parent's murder report memories that most clearly challenge Freud's concept of:
According to terror-management theory, people enhance their self-esteem in order to defend themselves from fear of their own:
Who emphasized the importance of unconditional positive regard in healthy personality development?
A "lie scale" that assesses the extent to which a person is faking to make a good impression is included in the:
Albert Bandura's social-cognitive perspective highlights the importance of:
Researchers attempt to understand personality using biological, psychological, and social-cultural levels of analysis. The psychological level of analysis is especially likely to emphasize the importance of:
After experiencing prolonged and seemingly inescapable physical abuse from her husband, Kayla became increasingly depressed and hopelessly resigned to her suffering. Her reaction best illustrates:
Students perceive themselves as less likely than the average classmate to develop drinking problems or drop out of school. This best illustrates:
Card players who attribute their wins to their own skills and their losses to bad luck best illustrate:
offering self-justifying explanations so the real, threatening ones aren't exposed
the ego uncounsciously protects itself by expressing impulses through socially acceptable activites
a projective test in which people express their inner feelings and interests through the stories they make up about ambiguoous scenes