the power for Congress to create laws that are "necessary and proper" to fulfill his position
Articles of Confederation
the first draft of the constitution that created a national government with limited power to prevent a monarchy
Shay's rebellion corresponds to...
the whiskey rebellion
Bill of Rights
the first ten amendments of the constitution
New Jersey plan
proposed a national government in which all states would have equal representation
proposed a national legislature in which the states would be represented according to population
The Great Compromise
representation based on population in the House and equal representation in the Senate
each slave counted as 3/5 of a man when accounting for the population to determine the # of reps in the House
Congress: House of Reps. and Senate
the people elect the government for themselves
judicial review/supremacy clause
the Supreme Court has ultimate power over all courts and the final say in any court case
a set of electors that join together from each state, based on population size, to vote for the party that the majority of the state voted for.
House of Representatives
representative # based on population
representative # is equal for all states
checks and balances
assurance that one governmental branch cannot over power the other two--> the power to veto
the president does...
enforces, vetos and makes sure laws are carried out; makes treaties.
makes laws (and the House makes taxes); they can declare/fund war; impeach and remove
supreme court does...
determines if laws are constitutional and determine whether people are following the law
how many judges are in the supreme court
how many reps are in the House
how do supreme court judges get in that position
the president appoints them
how are congress members determined
they are elected for BOTH the House (by the people) and the Senate (by state legislature)
how often are congress members renewed
every 2 years
how often are supreme court judges renewed
they are in office for life
qualifications for house rep:
35 years old; citizen for 7 years; live in the state you represent
qualifications for senate
30 years old; citizen for 9 years; live in the state you represent
qualifications for president
35 years old; natural born citizen; US resident for 14 years
qualifications for supreme court judges
how many electors are in the electoral college
what was a weakness of the Articles of Confed.
it had a loose enforcement