The First American Literature: Native Americans (1400-1600)

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Native Americans (1400-1600)

Communicated Orally

Native Americans (1400-1600)

Included myths and legends

Native Americans (1400-1600)

Focus on nature

Native Americans (1400-1600)

Creation Stories

The Enlightenment (1607-1800)

Age of Faith (Puritans/Religion)

The Enlightenment (1607-1800)

Age of Reason (Patriots/Politics)

Age of Faith (1607-1750)

Puritans and Pilgrims

Age of Faith (1607-1750)

Genres/Style:
●Sermons
●Plain style
●Instructive

Age of Faith (1607-1750)

Some Major Writers:
●Anne Bradstreet
●John Smith
●Jonathan Edwards

Modernism (1915-1945)

Time of World War I and overwhelming advances in technology

Modernism (1915-1945)

Genres/style:
●Experimental styles
●Dominant
mood=alienation & disconnection

Modernism (1915-1945)

Major writers:
●Ernest Hemingway
●William Faulkner
●John Steinbeck

Contemporary (1945-present)

Time of Post WWII prosperity; media saturated culture

Contemporary (1945-present)

Genres/style:
●Lines of reality blurred
●concern with individual in isolation
●ethnic and women writers emerge

Contemporary (1945-present)

Major Writers:
●Allen Ginsberg, Gwendolyn Brooks, Gwendolyn Brooks, Sylvia Plath, Flannery O'Connor O'Connor, Raymond Carver, Truman Capote

Transcendentalism
(1840-1855)

Stressed individualism, self-reliance, intuition, and connection with nature

Transcendentalism
(1840-1855)

Father of Transcendentalism= Ralph Waldo Emerson

Transcendentalism
(1840-1855)

Other major writer=Henry David Thoreau

Age of Reason (1750-1800)

Political context (time of American Revolution)

Age of Reason (1750-1800)

Use of reason over faith alone

Age of Reason (1750-1800)

Genres/style:
●Political pamphlets, speeches, essays, documents

Age of Reason (1750-1800)

Major Writers:
●Ben Franklin
● Thomas Jefferson
●Thomas Paine

Romanticism (1800-1855)

Time of Industrial Revolution

Romanticism (1800-1855)

Genres/style:
●Short stories, novels, poetry
●Imagination valued over reason; intuition valued over fact

Romanticism (1800-1855)

Major Writers:
●Nathaniel Hawthorne
●Washington Irving
●Edgar Allan Poe

Realism (1865-1915)

Civil War era

Realism (1865-1915)

Genres/style:
●Novels, short stories
●Focus on lives of ordinary people; "tell it like it is"
● Nature is powerful, and beyond man's control

Realism (1865-1915)

Major Writers:
●Frederick Douglass
●Harriet Beecher Stowe
●Mark Twain
●Jack London

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