Anatomy & Phys 2 Chap 27 final

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x-ray for women

mammography

where fertilization occurs in the female reproductive tract

tubules

this supports the uterine tubes

mesosalpinx

one of the limited number women have in their lifetimes

ovum

egg formation

oogenesis

the opening of the female reproductive tract

vagina

the mucosal lining in the uterus

endometrium

the ridge formed by the labia minor

fourchette

the pigmented skin that surrounds the nipple

areola

women try to time this by temperature changes

ovulation

the most common bacterial infection in the US

chlamydia

The "other" female sex hormone

progesterone

this is usually associated with the pituitary gland

infundibulum

vulva by another name

pudendum

there are curtains over the ovaries

fimbriae

after 9 months this becomes the largest muscle in the female body

uterus

foreskin by another name

prepuce

a natural antibiotic that females produce

seminal plasmin

the barometer hormone

inhibin

the ductus deferens by another name

ampulla

male stem cells

spermatogonia

blood flow increases to the penis in response to

parasympathetic stimulation

The basic difference between spermatogenesis and oogenesis is that __________.

one mature ovum is produced in oogenesis, and four mature sperm are produced in spermatogenesis

The organ that makes estrogen and progesterone is the __________.

ovary

the primary sex organ of the the male is the

testes

the reason why they testes are suspended in the scrotum is

regulate temperature

sperms acrosomes contain

enzymes

the surges in LH that occurs during the middle of the ovarian cycle triggers

ovulation

The usual site of fertilization is the

uterine tube

the uterine layer shed with each monthly cycle is the

functional layer of the endometrium

_____________ cells are located between seminiferous tubules, produce testosterone

interstitial

in which uterine phase does the functional layer of the endometrium start to rebuild

proliferative

Which cell type is actually ovulated from the ovary?

secondary oocyte

Which is the most correct sequence of sperm flow in the male duct system?

seminiferous tubules, epididymis, vas deferens, ampulla, ejaculatory duct, urethra

within the ovary, progesterone is produced by the

corpus luteum.

sperm are produced in the _____________

seminiferous tubules

what hormone is responsible for the secondary sex characteristics found in women

estrogen

which of the following hormones causes the oocyte to mature

FSH

Which of the following absorb heat from the testes?

the pampiniform plexus

Which of the following structures makes up most of the male urethral length?

spongy urethra

In response to warmth, the scrotum __________.

increases its surface area

what do interstitial cells do?

make testosterone

where is sperm stored?

epididymis

what does the pampiniform venous plexus do?

cools arterial blood to keep the testes below core body temperature

Conversion of haploid spermatids to spermatozoa is specifically called __________.

spermiogenesis

The __________ of the mammary glands are responsible for producing milk during lactation.

alveoli

The functional layer of the endometrium is shed in response to __________.

decreased progesterone levels

The __________ develop into the female duct system.

paramesonephric folds

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