Chapter 6 History

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Urns

Ornamental vases used by Phoenicians for burial

Holy of Holies

The most sacred chamber in a temple

Covenant

The name given to the agreement between the Hebrews and Yahweh

Colonies

The name for the permanent settlements of the Phoenicians in the Mediterranean area

Treaty

An agreement between countries

Scrolls

Rolls of parchment on which the Hebrews wrote their laws and stories

Torah

The laws of Moses were written down in five books that became known as this

Judge

The term describing a leader of a Hebrew tribe, who also served as a military leader

Jacob

The twelve tribes of Israel started with this man. He was Abraham's grandson.

Saul

The first Hebrew king

Council of Merchants

The group that shared ruling power with the Phoenician King/Priest

David

The second Hebrew king

Solomon

The Hebrew king (son of King David) who built the temple in Jerusalem

Phoenician cities

Had walls around them, were crowded, had port/harbor on the outside of the walls

Alphabet

A major contribution of the Phoenicians

Social Justice

A phrase that describes how the Hebrews felt people should be treated

Purple Dye

Phoenicians were known for this which comes from a shellfish

Hebrews

Early on they were traveling merchants; later settled in southern Canaan as farmers

Judaism

The Hebrew religion

Abraham

Hebrew history began with this wealthy merchant from Ur; founding father of the Hebrews

Philistines

Another group that made up the Phoenician people. They came from the eastern Mediterranean near Greece. They were traders and shipbuilders.

Sinai Desert

Place where the Hebrews wandered for 40 years

Exodus

The name for the Hebrew journey out of Egyptian slavery and back to the promised land of Canaan

Joshua

This man took over leading the Hebrews back to Canaan after Moses died

Sidon, Byblos, Beirut, Tyre

Independent Phoenician city-states

Language, Religion and Economy

The common bonds that held together the Phoenician people

Gods/Goddesses tied to nature

This is what Phoenician religion was based on

Carthage

The most important Phoenician colony. It was the first Phoenician colony and it was located on the coast of North Africa

Princess Dido

Founded Carthage on the coast of North Africa

Psalms

Poems in the Bible written by King David

Ten Commandments

These were the most important set of laws that Moses asked the Hebrews to obey

Prophets

People who came to the Hebrews telling them what they were doing wrong and what God wanted them to change

Jerusalem

The capital of the Hebrew kingdom established by King David

Sabbath

Hebrew day of rest

Ezra

The scribe that helped the Jews write down the laws of Moses in the five books called the Torah

Synagogue

Religious group meetings of the Jews in Babylon

Rabbi

A Jewish religious leader that helps with worship; also a Jewish teacher

Bible

The book that holds the history of the Hebrew people

The sea

This is where the Phoenicians turned when they could not make their living off of the land alone

Monotheism

The belief in one God

Israel

The Hebrew kingdom located in the North

Judah

The Hebrew kingdom located in the South

Canaanites and Philistines

The two groups of people that made up the Phoenicians

Canaanites

One of the groups of people that formed the Phoenician people. They came from the desert south and east of Canaan and they were herders.

Philistines

They were traders and shipbuilders

Famine

This caused the Hebrews to end up in Egypt where they were put into slavery

Cedar logs

An important Phoenician natural resource

Murex

Shellfish that yields purple dye

Nomad

A wandering herder

Colonies

Permanent settlements of the Phoenicians

Descendants

Offsprings; the children of parents

Alphabet

Letters from which any number of words can be formed; this was the most important gift of the Phoenicians. THEY DID NOT INVENT IT, but they passed it on to other people.

Scrolls

Rolls of parchment

Canaan

The land in which both Phoenicians and Hebrews lived. This area was the "bridge" that connected Egypt and Mesopotamia.

Tyre

Trading city known for purple dye

Baal

A Canaanite god

Yahweh

Name of the Hebrew God

Moses

Exodus leader of the Hebrews

Saul

First Hebrew king

Joshua

The leader and general who led the Hebrews back into Canaan after Moses died

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