# ICP Heat and Temperature (CH14)

### 25 terms by peoneill Teacher

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### Absolute Zero

the temperature at which particles stop moving entirely (impossible to actually reach)

100°C

212°F

373K

### Conduction

the direct transfer of heat from one solid to another solid that it is touching

### Conduction (examples)

stovetop, seat-warmer

### Convection

the transfer of heat by the circulation or movement of a liquid or gas; heats evenly because of the fact that fluids can flow

### Convection (examples)

oven, blood (circulating), furnace

C + 273 = K

### converting Fahrenheit to Kelvin

must convert to Celsius first, THEN to Kelvin

water

metal

### Heat

the TOTAL kinetic energy of an object's particles due to non-directional motion at the atomic level

### Heat flow

always goes from hot to cold

### high specific heat

difficult to change the temperature

### low specific heat

easy to change the temperature

0°C

32°F

### Melting point of water in K

273K

the transfer of heat by rays or waves

sun, heat lamp, microwave

### specific heat

How hard it is to change the temperature of something.

### Temperature

the AVERAGE kinetic energy of an object's particles due to non-directional motion at the atomic level

Kelvins

### Why do we have the Kelvin scale?

1) Absolute zero is zero
2) There are no negative temperatures

Example: