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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. functions of blood
  2. RBC abnormalites: Polycythemia
  3. Plasma: Liquid part of blood
  4. Red Blood Cells (Erythrocytes)
  5. Rh Factor
  1. a Liquid part of blood.
    1. Colloid: liquid containing suspended substances that don't settle out of solution
    2. 91% water. Remainder proteins, ions, nutrients, waste products, gases, regulatory substances
  2. b 1. too many RBCs
    2. most common in chronic lung disease
    3. blood gets thicker
    4. high altitude more pressure
  3. c 1. Rh-positive
    a. Rh antigen on RBC
    b. No antibody in serum
    2. Rh-negative
    a. No Rh antigen on RBC
    b. No antibody in serum
    3. Anti-Rh antibodies are not normally present in blood
  4. d 1. Transportation of dissolved gases, nutrients, hormones, and metabolic wastes. (by dissolved or a carrier molecule)
    2. Regulation of the pH and ion composition of interstitial fluids. (HOMEOSTASIS)
    3. Restriction of fluid losses at injury sites. (blood clots)
    4. Defense against toxins and pathogens. (WBCs)
    5. Stabilization of body temperature.
  5. e 1. Function: Transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide
    2. Biconcave discs (b/c no nucleus)
    3. One-third hemoglobin
    4. Lacks nuclei, mitochondria and ribosomes
    5. can repair itself
    6. not much energy
    7. limited lifespan
    8. carbonic anhydrase can be found in RBC

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. 1. Smooth endothelium
    2. Heparin
  2. Stationary clot
  3. 1. Erythropoiesis - formation of RBC

    2. Erythropoietin - make RBC by releasing this hormone, released by another tissue.

    stem cell: divides, one stays stem cell, one becomes WBC, RBC or platelets
  4. Proteins:
    1. Albumins: viscosity, osmotic pressure, buffer, transports fatty acids, free bilirubin, thyroid hormones
    2. Globulins: transports lipids, carbohydrates, hormones, ions, antibodies, and complement
    3. Fibrinogen: blood clotting
    4. Most plasma proteins synthesized by liver
    5. Gamma globulins synthesized by plasma cells (B cells)
  5. Type B
    Antigen B on RBC
    Anti-A antibody in serum

5 True/False questions

  1. Erythropoiesis1. Decreased blood oxygen causes kidneys and liver to release erythropoietin ---> stimulates bone marrow & says make more RBCs (negative feedback loop)
    2. Vitamin B12, folic acid and iron necessary - lack of could cause anemia
    2. kidneys are primary control. how many RBCs there are & they ultimately release erythropoietin. Kidneys measure O2 content

          

  2. RBC abnormalites: Anemia (3)lack of hemoglobin, lack of RBC, can't carry as much oxygen
    1. Iron Deficiency - most common, not enough Hemoglobin due to lack of iron. Iron effects function of making hemoglobin
    2. Pernicious - lack of Vit. B12, not enough RBCs
    Sickle Cell - destruction of RBCs, cells get trapped in blood vessels & they are broken down, then don't have enough RBCs.

          

  3. ABO Blood Groups: Type ABType B
    Antigen B on RBC
    Anti-A antibody in serum

          

  4. Plasma: NutrientsProteins:
    1. Albumins: viscosity, osmotic pressure, buffer, transports fatty acids, free bilirubin, thyroid hormones
    2. Globulins: transports lipids, carbohydrates, hormones, ions, antibodies, and complement
    3. Fibrinogen: blood clotting
    4. Most plasma proteins synthesized by liver
    5. Gamma globulins synthesized by plasma cells (B cells)

          

  5. Antibodies (agglutinins)1. Molecule that stimulates cells to produce antibodies
    2. on the cell - determine what blood type you are
    Note: antigens is what on test, not agglutinogens

          

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