5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- ABO Blood Groups: Type O
- Antibodies (agglutinins)
- Plasma Ions:
- Plasma: Waste Products
- a involved in osmosis, membrane potentials, and acid-base balance
- b 1. Urea, uric acid, creatinine, ammonia salts. Breakdown products of protein metabolism
2. Bilirubin: Breakdown product of RBCs
3. Lactic acid: End product of anaerobic respiration
- c 1. Protein that reacts against a specific antigen
2. in the plasma
3. goes after foreign blood types. For example, if you are type A & you get type B, antibody will go after type B
Note: antibodies is what on test, not agglutinins
- d High WBC count (above 10,000)
Note: don't need to know the numbers
- e Type O
Neither antigen A nor antigen B on RBC
Both anti-A and anti-B antibodies in serum
5 Multiple choice questions
- Liquid part of blood.
1. Colloid: liquid containing suspended substances that don't settle out of solution
2. 91% water. Remainder proteins, ions, nutrients, waste products, gases, regulatory substances
- 1. Protect body against microorganisms and remove dead cells and debris, infection. Can level the blood vessels. work like an ameoba.
2. Diapedesis: cells become thin, elongate and move either between or through endothelial cells of capillaries
3. Chemotaxis: attraction (chemical) to and movement toward foreign materials or damaged cells. Accumulation of dead white cells and bacteria is pus.
- Liquid matrix
1. Plasma (55%)
2. Formed elements (45%)
a. Red blood cells
b. White blood cells
3. Adults have 4-6 L of blood
- Mobile clot
- three characteristics
1. Adhesive - stickey
2. Aggregate - platelets come together
3. Agglutination - large amount clump together, it's NOT a clump
4. Pinched off of megakaryocyte
5. Thrombocytopenia - too little platelets (bleeding to death)
6. Thrombocytosis - too many platelets (too much clotting)
5 True/False questions
thrombosis → Stationary clot
Basophils → 1. Least common.
2. Play a role in both inflammatory response & allergic reactions. cause allergic response.
3. Produce histamine and heparin.
4. Account for less than 1% of the WBC.
5. Mast cells - in tissues
Factors Affecting Coagulation: Factors that prevent clotting → 1. Stasis
2. Damaged endothelium
Blood Types → 1. Based on genetics
2. Four types: A, B, AB & O
3. Agglutination: clumping of red blood cells in response to a reaction between an antibody and an antigen
Hemostasis → 1. Percent of blood (volume) that is RBCs - by centrifruge
2. Indicates problem but not what problem is
3. Normal 38-45%