20th Century Nationalism & Independence Movements

32 terms by kee-fu 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Who was the founder of the Indian National Independence movement and was assassinated bya Hindu for trying to gain equal treatment for "untouchables"?

Mohandas K. Gandhi

Who was the first Prime Minister of independent India?

Jawaharai Nehru

Who was the first Prime Minister of Pakistan and demanded partition from India for Muslims?

Mohammed Ali Jinnah

Who is the dictator of Libya?

Muammar Qaddafi

Who is the founder of Pan-African Independence movement from Ghana?

Kwame Nkrumah

Who is the founder of Kenya and led Mau-Mau resistance movement?

Jomo Kenyatta

Who is the leader of the African National Congress and is the first black president of South Africa?

Nelson Mandela

Who is the dictator of Zaire?

Mobutu Sese Seko

Who is the first president of Israel?

David Ben-Gurion

Who is the president of Egypt and founder of Pan-Arabism?

Gamal Abdel Nasser

Who is the leader of Iran until he was overthrown by the Islamic Fundamentalism in 1979?

Mohammad Reza Pahlavi

Who is the leader of palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO)?

Yasir Arafat

Who is the Shia religious leader of Iranian Islamic fundamentalist movement?

Ayatollah Khomeini

Who is the leader of Ba'ath party and dictator of Iraq?

Saddam Hussein

What is a form of non-violent resistance/protest which was advocated by Gandhi and copied by Martin Luther King, Jr.?

civil disobedience

What is a Hindu term used by Gandhi to describe his beliefs and policies meaning "truth-life force"

satyagraha

What is a 20th century international movement among Jews to create a homeland in Palestine?

zionism

What was the disputed region between India and Pakistan which led to 3 wars and continued conflict and tension?

kashmir

What is the policy of racial segregation practiced in South Africa and is very similar to the "Jim Crow" laws in the USA?

apartheid

What is the International anti-Colonial movement advocating free and independent African nations?

Pan-Africanism

What is a nationalist and secular (non-religious) Arab movement for more independence and unity (nationalistic) opposes Israel?

Pan-Arabism

Who is the first world?

USA (and other industrialized, democratic nations; rich)

Who is the second world?

USSR (and communist/socialist nations; middle)

Who is the third world?

Africa (unaligned and underdeveloped nations; poor)

What did Nasser seizes control of Canal?

Suez Crisis

What is event called when Israel takes the West Bank, Golan Heights, and Sinai Peninsula in June 1967?

Six-Day War

What is the event called when Anwar Sadat replaced Nasser and plotted a sneak attack w/Syria and Jordan on a Jewish Holy day in October 1973?

Yom Kippur War

What was formed in 1960 of mainly Arab oil producing nations and placed an oil embargo on USA for its support of Israel in 1973?

OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries?

What treaty was signed after Pres Jimmy Carter convinces Anwar Sadat (Egypt) and Menachem Begin (Israel) to sign?

Camp David Accords

What was the Palestinian "uprising" in West Bank and Gaza STrip demanding Israel withdraw form their land and for the creation of Palestinian state?

Intifada

What is the event called when Shah Pavlavi wanted to westernize Iran?

Iranian Revolution

What is a very conservative Islamic movement that wants to return Islamic nations to "fundamental" Islamic values and laws and is opposed to Islamic rulers like Nasser, Sadat, and Hussein?

Islamic fundamentalism

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set