PSYO353-CH1: perspectives on human sexuality

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Psychology 353 Aspects of Human Sexuality Chapter 1 Vocabulary

Name the 12 Perspective on Human Sexuality

(i) The Historical Perspective (ii) The Biological Perspective (iii) The Evolutionary Perspective (iv) The Cross-Species Perspective (v) Sociological and Anthropological Perspectives (vi) Psychological Perspectives (vii) Sociological Perspectives (viii) Provincial Differences in Sexuality (ix) The Media and Sexuality (x) Feminist Theory (xi) Queer Theory (xii) Multiple Perspectives on Human Sexuality

Phallic worship

worship of the penis as a symbol of generative power

Phallic symbols

Images of the penis

Incest taboo

The prohibition against intercourse and reproduction among close blood relatives

Polygamy

The practice of having two or more spouses at the same time.

Monogamy

The practice of having one spouse

Bisexual

Sexually responsive to either gender

Pederasty

Sexual love of boys

Courtesan

A prostitute - especially the mistress of a noble or wealthy man.

Concubine

A secondary wife, usually of interior legal and social status.

Fellatio

A sexual activity involving oral contact with the penis.

Cunnilingus

A sexual activity involving oral contact with the female genitals.

Sexologist

A person who engages in the scientific study of sexual behaviour

Evolution

The development of a species to its present state, a process that is believed to involved adaptations to its environment.

Natural selection

The evolutionary process by which adaptive traits enable members of a species to survive to reproductive age and transmit these traits to future generations.

Evolutionary psychology

The theory that dispositions toward behaviour patterns that enhance reproductive success may be genetically transmitted.

Analogue

Something that is similar or comparable to something else

Copulation

Sexual intercourse.

Psychoanalysis

The theory of personality originated by Sigmund Freud, which proposes that human behaviour represents the outcome of clashing inner forces

Unconscious mind

Those parts or contents of themind that lie outside of conscious awareness.

Defense mechanisms

In psychoanalytic theory, automatic processes that protect the ego from anxiety by disguising or ejecting unacceptable ideas and urges.

Repression

The automatic ejection of anxiety-evoking ideas from consciousness

Erogenous Zones

Parts of the body, including byt not limited to the sex organs, that are responsive to secual stimulations.

Psychosexual development

In psychoanalytic theory, the process by which sexual feelings shift from one erogenous zone to another

Fixation

In psychoanalytic theory, arrested development, which includes attachment to traits and sexual preferences that are characteristic of an earlier stage of psychosexual development

Gender Roles

Complex clusters of ways in which males and females are expected to behave within a given culture.

Behaviourists

Learning theorists who argue that a scientific approach to understanding behaviour must refer only to observable and measurable behaviours, and who emphasize the importance of rewards and punishments in the learning process.

Modeling

Acquiring knowledge and skills by observing others.

Social-cognitive theory

A cognitively oriented learning theory in which observational learning, values, and expectations play key roles in determining behaviour.

Feminist theory

A theory that challenges acceptance of the male as the norm, traditional gender roles, and male oppression of females.

Queer theory

A theory that challenges heteronormativity and heterosexism

Homophobia

Although this term derives from roots meaning "fear of homosexuals," it usually refers to hatred of homosexuals.

Gender

One's personal, social, and legal status as male or female

Coitus

Sexual Intercourse

Erotic

Arousing sexual feelings or desires

Foreplay

Mutual sexual stimulation that may or may not lead to sexual intercourse

Human sexuality

The ways in which we experience and express ourselves as sexual beings

Values

The qualities in life that are deemed important or unimportant, right or wrong, desirable or undesirable.

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