PSYO353-CH5 part (131-141): gender identity & gender roles

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Psychology 353 Aspects of Human Psychology Chapter 5 PART (131-141) - Vocabulary

Gender

The psychological state of being female or being male, as influenced by cultural concepts of gender-appropriate behaviour; compare and contrast the concept of gender with anatomic sex, which is based on the physical differences between females and males

Gender typing

The process by which children acquire behaviour that is deemed appropriate to their sex

Sexual differentiation

The process by which males and females develop distinct reproductive anatomy

Chromosome

One of the rod-like structures found in the nucleus of every living cell that carry the genetic code in the form of genes

Zygote

a fertilized ovum (egg cell)

Embryo

The stage of prenatal development that begins with implantation of a fertilized ovum in the uterus and concludes with development of the major organ systems at about two months after conception.

Androgens

Male sex hormones

Testosterone

The male sex hormone that fosters the development of male sex characteristics and is connected with the sex drive

Inguinal canal

A fetal canal that connects the scrotum and the testes, allowing the latter to descend

Cryptorchidism

The condition defined by undescended testes

Klinefelter syndrome

A sex-chromosomal disorder caused by an extra X sex chromosome

Turner syndrome

A sex-chromosomal disorder caused by loss of some X chromosome material

Gender identity

One's belief of being male or female

Sex assignment

The labeling of a newborn as a male or a female, also termed gender assignment

Intersexual

A person who possesses the gonads of one gender but external genitalia that are ambiguous or typical of the other gender (also termed pseudohermaphrodite)

Hermaphrodites

People who possess both ovarian and testicular tissue

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia

A form of intersexualism in which a genetic female has internal female sexual structures but masculinized external genitals.

Androgen-insensitivity syndrome

A form of intersexualism in which a genetic male is prenatally insensitive to androgens. As a result, his genitals do not become normally masculinized.

Intersexuality

All the different types of syndromes characterized by some abnormality or anomaly in physical sex differentiation

Dominican Republic syndrome

A form of intersexualism in which a genetic enzyme disorder prevents testosterone from masculinizing the external genitalia

Transsexualism

A condition in which people strongly desire to be of the other sex and live as a person of the other sex; referred to as gender identity disorder by the American Psychiatric Association

Transgenderism

"(1) a synonym for transsexualsim;
(2) an activist movement seeking rights and pride for transgendered individuals (see pg. 138 for long list of people included in this)"

Gender dysphoria

A sense of incongruity between one's anatomic sex and one's gender identity

Homosexual transsexuals

Extremely feminine gay men who seek sex reassignment

Autogynephilic

Descriptive of transsexuals who are sexually stimulated by fantasies that their own bodies are female; from roots meaning "self", "woman", and "love" or "desire"

Phalloplasty

The surgical creation of an artificial penis

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