Persians conquer the
the Jews. Ezra &
Nehemiah lead the
Greeks conquer the Persians.
Alexander the Great dies.
Egyptians (Ptolemaic Dynasty) rule the Jews.
Syrians (Selucid Dynasty) rule the Jews.
Maccabees bring freedom. Mattathias & his 5 sons (John, Simon, Judas, Eleazar & Jonathan). The Hasmonean Dynasty is named for the gathering of Mattathias.
John is in charge. 2 Maccabees ends. Two Hasmonean princesses battle for the throne & ask the Roman emissary Pompey to choose.
Pompey seizes Jerusalem. Jews now object to the Romans. Julius Caesar appoints Antipoter as Governer of Judah.
The Roman Senate appoints Herod the Great as King of the Jews.
Jesus is born in Bethlehem.