WW1

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51 terms

Kaiser wilhelm

German emperor during World War I

jeanette rankin

1st female member of congress, voted against the United States going into WW1

bernard baruch

Head of the war industries board

william mcadoo

Director of Railroads Administration and Chairman of the Federal Reserve

herbert hoover

head of the food administration encouraged wheatless heatless and meatless days

george creel

Headed the Committee on Public Information, for promoting the war effort in WWI

john j pershing

commander of the American Expeditionary Force (AEF)

Vladimir lenin

Russian founder of the Bolsheviks and leader of the Russian Revolution and first head of the USSR (1870-1924)

alvin york

killed 25 machine-gunners and captured 132 German soldiers when his soldiers took cover; won Congressional Medal of Freedom

eddie rickenbacker

the most decorated United States combat pilot in World War I (1890-1973)

D lloyd george

British prime minister during WW1

georges clemenceau

prime minister of France

vittorio orlando

prime minister of Italy

ho chi minh

Communist leader of Vietnam

robert laFollette

was the governor of Wisconsin,Leader of the Progressives

henery cabot lodge

led a group of conservative senators against League of nations

WEB dubois

Early civil rights leader and founder of the NAACP. Du Bois demanded equality for African-Americans

A mitchell palmer

attorney general who authorized anti-radical raids and deportations

j edgar hoover

put in charge to fight against radicals during the Red Scare after World War 1

calvin coolidge

elected Vice President and succeeded as 30th President of the United States when Harding died in 1923 (1872-1933)

emma goldman

An outspoken radical who was deported after being arrested on charges of being an anarchist, socialist, or labour agitator.

warren g harding

president after World War I who promised to return the US to normal

triple entente

An alliance between Great Britain, France and Russia in the years before WWI.

triple alliance

Alliance between Germany, Italy, Austria Hungry

central powers

Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and Ottoman Empire

stalemate

deadlock; situation in which further action is blocked

declaration of london

statement drafted by an international conference in 1909 to clarify international law and specify the rights of neutral nations

U-boat

German Submarine

Lusitania

Sunk in 1915 by a German submarine. 139 American killed. Forced Germany to stop submarine warfare.

sussex pledge

A promise Germany made to America, after Wilson threatened to sever ties, to stop sinking their ships without warning.

self-determination

major idea of the 14 Points

war industries board

supervised the nation's industrial production

liberty bonds

Where people bought bonds so the government could get that money now for war. The bonds increased in interest over time.

committee on public information

Organization also known as the Creel Commision which was responsible for rallying American's around the war effort through propaganda

espionage and sedition acts

two laws, enacted in 1917 and 1918, that imposed harsh penalties on anyone interfering with or speaking against U.S. participation in WWI

american expeditionary force

About 2 million Americans went to France as members of this under General John J. Pershing

convoy system

a system in which merchant ships travel with naval vessels for protection

bolsheviks

Led by Vladimir Lenin it was the Russian communist party that took over the Russian goverment during WWI

battle of argonne

Allies offensive. U.S. troops v. Germany in the Argonne region of France. Aided in the breakdown of German resistance and the German request for an armistice.

conscientious objector

person who refuses to enter the military or bear arms due to moral or religious reasons

poison gas

introduced by the Germans and was used by both sides during the war; caused vomiting, blindness, and suffocation

fourteen points

the war aims outlined by President Wilson in 1918, which he believed would promote lasting peace; called for self-determination, freedom of the seas, free trade, end to secret agreements, reduction of arms and a league of nations

league of nations

An organization of nations formed after World War I to promote cooperation and peace.

treaty of versailles

the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans

cordon sanitaire

attempts to prevent the spread of an ideology deemed unwanted or dangerous

war guilt

The idea that Germany caused the war on their own

irreconcilables

Senators who voted against the League of Nations with or without reservations

reservationists

Senators who pledged to vote in favor of the Treaty of Versailles if certain changes were made - led by Henry Cabot Lodge

influenza

the flu

red scare

a period of general fear of communists

election of 1920

Harding (R) vs Cox (D) 2) Main issue was the treaty of Versailles

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