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Nutrition

the pricess of taking in food and using it for energy, growth, and good health

nutrients

substances found in foods that your body needs in order to grow, have energy, and stay healthy

carbohydrates

starches and sugars that provide energy

proteins

nutrients used to repair body, cells, and tissues

pfats

nutrients that supply energy, keep the skin healthy, and promote normal growth

vitamins

substances that help regulate body's functions

minerals

nutrients that strengthen bones and teeth, help keep blood healthy, and keep the heart and other organs working properly

water

makes up about 70% of your total body weight all body systems depend on it

influences on food choices

personal taste, geography, family/friends/culture, advertising, cost, convenience

health

combination of physical, mental/emotional, and social well being

wellness

the state of well-being or balanced health triangle

influences on health

heredity, environment, family/friends/media

heredity

passing on of traits from biological parents to children

environment

what surrounds you

risk behaviors

actions or choices that may cause injury or harm to you or others

consequences

results of actions, taking risks may lead to them

prevention

taking steps to make sure that something does not happen

abstinence

refusing to participate in unsafe behaviors or activities

eating disorder

extreme emotions, attitudes and behaviors surrounding weight and food issues

3 main eating disorders

anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge

anorexia nervosa

self-starvation and excessive weight loss

bulimia nervosa

eating a lot and then barfing it up

binge

pigging out for comfort of other factors, not eating healthy

3 factors thought to contribute to eating disorders

athletes self-appraisal
performance anxiety
social influence

risk factors for athletes

sports emphasizing appearance
individual sports
endurance sports

female athlete triad

disordered eating
loss of menstrual period
osteoperosis

disordered eating

lack of nutrition

loss of period

because of lack of nutrition

osteoperosis

because of loss of menstrual cycle

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