Classification of Tissues - Chapter 6A

20 terms by adeluca09 Plus

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Connective Tissue

Anchors, packages and supports body organs, the most durable tissue type, abundant nonliving extracellular matrix, most widespread tissue in the body

Epithelium

Lines body cavities and covers the body's external surface, cells may absorb, secrete and filter, synthesizes hormones

Muscle

Pumps blood, flushes urine out of the body, allows one to swing a bat, major function is to contract, in terms of pounds - most widespread tissue in the body

Nervous Tissue

Transmits electrochemical impulses, most involved in regulating and controlling body functions, synthesizes hormones, forms nerves and the brain

Simple Columnar Epithelium

Non-ciliated type lines the digestive tract, gallbladder, excretory ducts of some glands; ciliated variety lines small bronchi, uterine tubes and some regions of the uterus

Simple Cuboidal Epithelium

Kidney tubules; ducts and secretory portions of small glands; ovary surface

Simple Squamous Epithelium

Kidney glomeruli; air sacs of the lungs; lining of heart, blood vessels and lymphatic vessels; lining of ventral body cavity (serosae)

Pseudostratified Columnar Epithelium

Non-ciliated type in male's sperm-carrying ducts and ducts of large glands; ciliated variety lines the trachea, most of the upper respiratory tract

Stratified Squamous Epithelium

Non-keratinized type forms the moist linings of the esophagus, mouth and vagina; keratinized variety forms the epidermis of the skin, a dry membrane

Stratified Cuboidal Epithelium

Largest ducts of sweat glands, mammary glands, and salivary glands

Stratified Columnar Epithelium

Rare in the body; small amounts in male urethra and in large ducts of some glands

Transitional Epithelium

Lines the ureters, bladder and part of the urethra

Adipose Connective Tissue

Acts as a storage depot for fat, insulates against heat loss

Areolar Connective Tissue

Composes basement membranes; a soft packaging tissue with a jellylike matrix

Dense Fibrous Connective Tissue

Attaches bones to bones and muscles to bones, the dermis of the skin

Elastic Cartilage

Provides a flexible framework for the external ear

Fibrocartilage

Makes up the intervertebral discs

Hematopoietic Tissue

Replenishes the body's supply of red blood cells

Hyaline Cartilage

Forms the larynx, the costal cartilages of the ribs, and the embryonic skeleton, firm, structurally amorphous matrix heavily invaded with fibers; appears glassy and smooth

Osseous Tissue

Forms the hip bone, matrix hard owing to calcium salts; provides levers for muscles to act on

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