Plant and Animal Adaptations and Survival

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This unit explains the diversity and evolution of living organisms and how these relate to survival in different environments.

adaptation

A body part, body covering, or behavior that helps a plant or animal survive in its environment.

camouflage

A color or shape in a plant or animal's body covering that helps it blend into its environment.

mimicry

An adaptation in which an otherwise harmless plant or animal looks like a harmful plant or animal in order to protect itself.

environment

Everything that surrounds and affects a living thing. The environment includes non-living things, such as water, air, soil, weather, landforms and other living things

habitat

The place where an animal lives. The physical characteristics of an animal's surroundings where it can find everything it needs to survive.

predator

An animal that hunts and eats other animals for food.

prey

An animal that is taken and eaten by another animal (predator) for food.

survival

Using adaptations to continue to live.

community

Populations living and interacting with each other.

life cycle

The stages living things go through as they grow and develop.

organism

Any living thing.

ecosystem

Includes all the organisms in an area and the environment in which they live.

population

All the organisms of one kind in an ecosystem.

behavioral adaptation

Something an animal does - or acts - in response to some type of external stimulus.

structural adaptation

Some type of structural or physical modification made to a part of the body.

extinct

Describes a species of plant or animal that once lived on Earth but which no longer exists.

omnivore

An animal that eats both plants and other animals (meat).

carnivore

An animal that eats only other animals (meat).

herbivore

An animal that eats only plants.

producer

An organism that is able to produce its own food (plants).

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