(Began by Vespasian). 70-80 CE Nickname (after a statue).
Biggest across the Empire:
the greatness of Rome the city far beyond the everyday usage (everything larger than usual)
Impossible if without concrete
vault and ambulatory
4 stories of series of arches
progression of orders: Doric, Ionic, Corinthian, Pilaster
Facing stones became the best quarry
gladiators, hunting, navy battle??
Trajan. ca. 112
consists of temple, two libraries, column, basilica, markets, courtyards
legal building, city administration
a large interior space for an assembly
apse, ambulatory, nave, clerestory -- adopted by churches
best example of groin vault with windows
allowing maximum of interior space with least amount of walls
ha ha ha = =||| see B13.
Hardrian. 118-125 CE
magnificent and unique:
the spherical body the most perfect shape
The rings of dome: correspond to rings of cosmos
trying to create a perfect space inside this building
a space not exist in any other part of the empire
Different texture: heavier at bottom, lighter at top; coffers help to reduce weight;
Oculus: makes the space align with nature; beam of sunlight
the passage (walkway) around the apse in a basilican church or around the central space in a central-plan church
The fenestrated part of a building that rises above the roofs of the other parts. In Roman basilicas and medieval churches, the windows that form the nave's uppermost level below the timber ceiling or the vaults.
the round central opening of a dome
a rectangular column that usually projects about a third of its width from the wall to which it is attached
Great Roman architect of the time of Augustus (27BC - 14 AD) who wrote 10 books on architecture
an ornamental sunken panel in a ceiling or dome
Namely Titus Flavius Vespasianus, Emperor of Rome and founder of the Flavian dynasty who consolidated Roman rule in Germany and Britain and reformed the army and brought prosperity to the empire