Augustus of Primaporta
ca. 20 BCE
Propaganda: Standard of all souls
Model Doryphorus: Strong, youth, benign, godlike, great soildier, more realistic (thus convincing, though just a fiction)
Doesn't matter how he really looks like. The image of a strong emperor makes the empire strong
ca. 50 CE.
Same with Augustus of Primiporta, just female.
Standard: perfect skin, hair, smile
Ara Pacis Augustae
Propaganda: under Augustus, everything is peaceful, plentiful
women (Tellus), beautiful and fertile and producing sons (important for rich nations);
animals: peaceful and abundant, growing big and fat;
Fruits, a lot.
copying the idea of Parthenon frieze (Panathenaic procession) -- Imperial Procession
Citizens -- young, emphasis on children
Propaganda: the Empire needs babies!
Arch of Titus
Not part of city walls: Procession can pass under the arch
Relief: a snapshot of historical event
Sack Jerusalem. Carrying back pillages in the procession.
Put this image on the arch: when you pass that, you're part of a bigger procession!
Column of Trajan
The scale is completely off:
from then on, two competing artistic systems:
Greek (ideal, realistic), losing its relevance
primitive (not important to be realistic), gaining relevance, a basis for Christian art.
175 CE New propaganda:
Greater emphasis on the emperor as a real people:
no longer muscular, looks more concerned and realistic (though such realism is mere pretension)
Introducing a new Equestrian stereotype:
motion, dynamics; man taming the wild beast
kings and leaders used this style in later times
e.g. George Washington; Napoleon.
Faiyum Portrait Panels
A crazy mixture of different cultures:
Egypt coffin, Roman portrait, Greek text
Greek immigrants during Roman times
Had influence in the city of Alexandria
of or relating to or featuring horseback riding
(Roman mythology) goddess of the earth
Emperor in A.D. 81; was a hard-working ruler, took interest in military and talked about himself in the 3rd person.
Dynasty that succeeded Nero