Chapter 3 Groups 16-25

131 terms by allitran

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adolescent

(adj.) growing from childhood to adulthood; roughly of the teenage period

adolescent

(n.) teenager

antediluvian

antiquated; belonging to the time before the Biblical Flood (when all except Noah and his family perished)

archaic

no longer used, except in special context; old-fashioned

callow

young and inexperienced, unfledged

contemporary

(adj.)
1) of the same period or duration
2) modern; up to date

contemporary

(n.)
person who lives at the same time as another

crone

withered old woman

decrepit

weakened by old age

defunct

dead, deceased, extinct

forebear

forefather; ancestor; progenitor

hoary

white or gray with age; ancient

infantile

of or like an infant or infancy; childish

inveterate

firmly established by age; deep-rooted; habitual

juvenile

of or for youth; youthful; immature

longevity

long life; length of life

matriarch

mother and ruler of family or tribe; founder; highly respected old woman

mature

full-grown, ripe, carefully thought out

nonage

legal minority; period before maturity

nonagenarian

person 90-99 years old

obsolescent

going out of use; becoming obsolete

obsolete

no longer in use; out-of-date

patriarch

father/ruler of family or tribe; founder; highly respected old man

posthumous

published after the after's death; occurring after death

prelapsarian

of the time or state before the fall of mankind

primeval

pertaining to the world's first ages; primitive

primordial

existing at the very beginning; elementary, primary, first in order

pristine

in original, long-ago state; uncorrupted

puberty

physical beginning of manhood at about age 14 or womanhood at at about age 12

puerile

foolish for a grown person to say/do, childish

senile

showing weakness of the age

superannuated

retired on a pension; advanced in years or very old; incapacitated by age

venerable

worthy of respect because of advanced age, achievement, virtue, or historical importance

veteran

person experienced in some occupation, art, or profession; ex-member of the armed forces

yore

long ago

abstemious

sparing in eating and drinking; temperate; abstinent

carousal

drinking party; drunken revelry

dipsomania

abnormal, uncontrollable craving for alcohol; alcoholism

inebriated

drunk, intoxicated

sober

not drunk, temperate; serious, free from excitement or exaggeration

sobriety

temperance or abstinence

sot

person made foolish by excessive drinking; drunkard

teetotaler

person who totally abstains from intoxicating beverages

bow

forward part of the ship

brine

salty water; ocean, sea, the deep

doldrums

calm, windless part of the ocean near the equator; listlessness

flotsam

wreckage of a ship or its cargo found floating on the sea; driftage

jetsam

goods cast overboard to lighten a ship in distress

jettison

throw goods overboard to lighten ship/plane; discard

leeward

in the direction away from the wind

marine

of the sea or shipping; nautical; maritime

mariner

sailor; seaman

starboard

pertaining to the right-hand side of a ship when you are on deck and facing the bow

carrion

decaying flesh of a carcass

contaminate

make impure by mixture; pollute; defile

dross

waste, refuse

expurgate

remove objectionable material from a book; bowdlerize; purify

immaculate

spotless; absolutely clean; pure; faultless

offal

waste parts of a butchered animal; refuse; garbage

purge

cleanse; purify; rid of undesired element of person

slatternly

untidy, dirty from habitual neglect, slovenly

sloven

person habitually untidy, dirty, or careless in dress, habits, etc.

sordid

filthy, vile

squalid

filthy from neglect, dirty, degraded

squalor

filth, degradation, sordidness

sully

tarnish; besmirch; defile

adjacent

lying near or next to; bordering; adjoining

approximate

nearly correct

contiguous

touching; adjoining

environs

districts surrounding a place; suburbs

juxtapose

put side by side or close together

juxtaposition

close/side by side position

propinquity

kinship; nearness of place; proximity

analogy

likeness in some respects between things otherwise different; similarity; comparison

arbitrary

autocratic; despotic; tyrannical; proceeding from a whim or fancy

arbitrate

decide in a dispute, acting as an arbiter or arbitrator; submit a dispute to arbitration

axiom

self-evident; universally accepted as true

bias

opinion formed before there are grounds for it; prejudice; predilection; partiality

bigoted

intolerant; narrow-minded

bigotry

views/behavior of a bigot; narrow-mindedness; intolerance

cogitate

think over; consider with care; ponder; deliberate

criterion

standard; rule or test for judging

crux

most important point; essential part

deduce

derive by reasoning; infer

dilemma

situation requiring a choice between two equally bad alternatives; predicament

dogmatic

asserting opinions as if they were facts; opinionated

eclectic

choosing ideas/methods from various sources; selective

fallacious

based on a fallacy; misleading; deceptive

fallible

liable to be mistaken

heterodox

rejecting regularly accepted beliefs or doctrines; nonconformist

hypothetical

supposed; having the characteristics of a hypothesis

illusion

misleading appearance; false impression; misconception

indubitable

certain; incontrovertible

orthodox

generally accepted, especially in religion; conventional; approved

paradoxical

having the characteristics of a paradox (a self-contradictory statement which may nevertheless be true)

plausible

apparently trustworthy; superficially true or reasonable

preposterous

senseless, absurd, irrational

rational

able to think clearly; having the power to reason; intelligent; sensible; sane

rationalize

invent excuses for one's actions, desires, failures, etc

sophistry

clever but deceptive reasoning

specious

superficially true, reasonable, attractive, or just but not really so

speculate

reflect, mediate, conjecture; buy or sell with the hope of profiting by price fluctuations

tenable

capable of being maintained or defended; defensible

amorphous

shapeless; having no definite form; unorganized

concave

curved inward, creating a hollow space

contour

outline of a figure

distort

twist out of shape; change out of true meaning

malleable

capable of being shaped by hammering, as a metal; adaptable, pliant

rotund

rounded out; plump; full-toned

sinuous

bending in and out, winding, serpentine

symmetrical

balanced in arrangement; capable of division by a central line

symmetry

balance, harmony

grave

deserving serious attention; weighty; momentous

nugatory

of little or no value; trifling

paltry

practically worthless; trashy; piddling; petty

paramount

chief above others; supreme

relevant

bearing upon the matter in hand; pertinent

coy

pretending to be shy

demure

falsely modest or serious; coy; grave/pim

diffident

lacking self confidence, unduly timid/shy

modest

not thinking too highly of one's merits, unpretentious and humble

modesty

freedom from conceit or vanity; unpretentiousness; humility

staid

settled; of quiet disposition

brazen

shameless/impudent; made of brass or bronze

egoism

excessive concern for oneself; selfishness; conceit

ostentatious

done to impress others; showy; pretentious

overweening

thinking too highly of oneself

pert

too free in speech or action; bold; saucy; lively or spirited

vain

conceited; excessively proud or concerned about one's personal appearance or achievements; empty; worthless; futile

vainglorious

excessively proud or boastful; elated by vanity

vanity

condition of being too vain about one's appearance or achievements; conceit

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