HUMN 101 Final Exam

Created by joAnnahood 

Upgrade to
remove ads

You try three oranges out of a bag of ten and all three are sour. You conclude, therefore, that the rest of the oranges are also sour. You have just reasoned inductively.

True

The name Galileo is best associated with what period?

1550-1770

During the modern age, the "new science" has developed from a method of scientific inquiry into an entire philosophy of life.

True

European culture in the 17th century in Europe is best characterized by which phrase?

Period of Conflict

What does the phrase "idols of the marketplace" refer to?

Ambiguities of Language

The textbook suggests that the seventeenth-century is one of the easier centuries for us to understand and analyze.

False

What does the phrase "idols of the cave" refer to?

Individual Biases

The Scientific Revolution helped bring about a new way of looking at the world in purely material terms.

True

The word "empiricism" refers to knowledge gained from authority and tradition.

False

Which of the following is not associated with "the century of genius"?

Da Vinci

According to the textbook, which Enlightenment figure had the greatest influence on how the institutions of modern western culture have developed?

Rousseau

The Enlightenment philosophers had a high regard for the truth of religion.

False

The Enlightenment philosophers believed that mankind was capable of social perfection.

True

The terms "Age of Reason" and "neoclassical period" both refer to the culture of the 18th century.

True

The impact of the Enlightenment was largely confined to European culture and had little impact on the development of American culture.

False

Voltaire's philosophy is expressed by his most famous quote, namely that "Man is born free.

False

Modern political liberalism shares its underlying view of man with the philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau.

True

Voltaire was a great French writer and intellectual who defended Christianity against the attacks of skeptics and rationalists.

False

It was commonly believed by the 18th-century philosophers that tradition is the foundation of truth.

False

Rousseau is best known for his theories on which subjects?

politics, education, society

Which of the following is not discussed in the text as an example of a "romantic hero"?

Louix XIV

Romanticism in the arts can be described as a triumph of "reason" over "passion."

False

In many ways, the modern environmental movement can be traced back to the romantic veneration of nature.

True

Wordsworth's sonnet, "The World Is Too Much with Us," best illustrates which concept?

the force of Nature on the Romantic imagination

Which of the following is presented in Chapter 23 as an important background to the emphasis on "realism" and "materialism" in nineteenth-century culture?

Industrialization

Realism in nineteenth-century art can be understood as a reaction to what movement?

Romanticism

Realism in nineteenth-century art can be understood as a reaction to what movement?

the output of factories

Jean-Francois Millet

Gustave Courbet

Charles Darwin

Karl Marx

Leo Tolstoy

Matthew Arnold

Gustave Flaubert

Charles Dickens

By the end of the nineteenth century, materialism and secularism had produced a widespread pessimism about the future of western culture.

False

This word describes the new spirit of questioning that emerged in the early modern age.

Skepticism

This novel explores the boundaries of reality and illusion and has been called the "first modern novel."

Don Quixote

Known as the "father of modern philosophy," he claimed that the only thing he was certain of was his own ability to think.

Descartes

This Spanish painter produced on of the greatest masterpieces of western art, a skeptical exploration of the problem of perception.

Velazques

In the modern western wold, this has replaced the medieval church as the source of authority.

Science

Raw, unprocessed facts, number, or signals.

Data

Data that is interpreted and "processed" into patterns.

Information

When information is turned into instructions, it is called this.

Knowledge

This term describes the point where information is projected to surpass human intelligence.

Singularity

This process which is often used to describe the contemporary age, has been underway for many centuries.

Globalization

The beginning of the modern era of globalization began with this new technology.

Satellite

This is recognized as the first truly "global event."

Moon Landing in 1969

This is known as the first webcan

Trojan Room Coffee Pot

We traced the global journey of this product in class.

T-Shirt

This term refers to the types of organizations that people choose to join.

Voluntary Associations

There are over 51,000 of these in London.

Cameras

We referred in class to this North African tribe when discussing different way of viewing privacy.

Sawahari

We used this example from contemporary American travel to illustrate how privacy is balance with other issues.

TSA

This is the title of the painting from 1565 that illustrated for us a traditional view of community.

"Hunters in the Snow" by Brueghel

The Renaissance author spoke of man as "the maker and molder of himself."

Mirandola

This painting led to much discussion and disagreement after Exam 2, about the question of pregnancy.

The Arnolfini Marriage Portrait

This is the stable "fertility rate" at which population replaces itself from generation to generation.

2.1

These two writers, who had very different views of the future, both died on the same day as John F. Kennedy.

Aldous Huxley and C.S. Lewis

The new director of engineering at Google, this man plans on downloading his brain and living forever.

Ray Kurzweil

What does it mean to say that skepticism has driven progress in the modern western world?

The skeptical spirit is one of the most significant intellectual developments of the modern western world.

What are the positive aspects of a skeptical mind?

Skepticism is necessary for science. A healthy skepticism led Copernicus. Skepticism is necessary for justice. The modern legal system is based on doubt.

What are the negative aspects of a skeptical mind?

Skepticism can lead to the view that nothing can be known for certain and that there is no absolute truth. Everything become relative. Both individuals and society lose a sure foundation for life.

Early modern examples of skepticism

Literature- Cervantes (1547-1616) Don Quixote
Art- Velazques (1598-1660) Las Meninas, 1656
Science- Rembrandt (1547-1616) documents the new spirit of inquiry
Philosophy- Descartes (1596-1650) the "father of modern skepticism" Congito, ergo sun- I think, therefore I am
Politics- out of this age would come a profound skepticism about the "divine rights" of kings.

DIKW Pyramid

Wisdom
Knowledge
Information
Data

Data

-often described as symbols or signals
-Data is merely "raw facts" unprocessed
-has no meaning
Example:a physical, atomic description

Information

-data processed into connections that give it meaning
-information is filtered and organized
-information is the "meaning" we extract from data as we place it in context
Example:flour, yeast, water, salt

Knowledge

-knowledge is usually described as information put into action, information turned into instructions
-the emphasis is placed on utility
Example:the recipe to make bread

Wisdom

-wisdom adds value to the hierarchy, and therefore requires the quality of "judgement"
Example:Bread is best when it's made fresh

The Singularity

the point at which AI (artificial intelligence) will surpass human intelligence (2045)

How did western culture go from the humanism of the Renaissance to the transhumanist vision of the future?

Renaissance Humanism-man as the "maker and molder of himself"
Enlightenment (18th Century)-man as a complex, rational "machine"
19th Century (Darwin)-man as a self-evolving organism
21st Century transhumanism- man as a self-created, "immortal" cyborg

How has the concept of community changed over the past 500 years?

Voluntary Association

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set