PSY 101 Final Exam

74 terms by x07x26x95x

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

The book that goes along with this is PSYCH Student Edition 2 by Spencer A. Rathus

The process of changing information so that we can place it in memory is called ___. Page #144

encoding

The stages of information processing in memory are ___. Page #145

encoding, storage, and retrieval

Jason straining his eyes on the deck of a ship is trying to memorize distant land marks to the harbor entrance. He is most likely using a ___. Page #144

maintenance rehearsal

Ludwig a cellist is memorizing a musical composition by heart with out reference to the sheet music. He most likely is using an (a) ___. Page #144

metamemory

Mentally repeating a list and saying it to yourself refers to __. Page #144

maintenance rehearsal

The process of locating and returning information to consciousness is referred to as ___. Page #144

retrieval

Motives are described as hypothetical states because ___. Page #188

they are not seen and measured directly

Examples of physiological needs are ___. Page #188

oxygen, food, drink, pain avoidance, etc.

Needs can be described as ___. Page #188

physiological or psychological

Physiological needs are generally based upon ___. Page #188

needs to survive

Hunger is to ___ as food deprivation is to ___. Page #188

psychological, physiological

The typical maximum number of chunks of information that can be held in short term memory is ___. Page #149

three

The appearance of new information in short term memory displacing the old information suggests that STM store is ___. Page #149

limited

A person that reconstructs their experience according to their prejudice is ___. Page #150

schema

Benjamin can remember exactly where he was and what he was doing when he heard about the death of his big brother, this is called ____. Page #151

flashbulb memories

Flashbulb memory seems vivid for all of the following reasons except ___. Page #152

(know the reasons of flashbulb memory)

According to behaviorist, ___ is any relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior that occurs because of experience. Page #120

learning

The reason fish and tadpoles are born to swim, and robins can sing the song of their species after birth is that lower animal behavior is ___. Page #120

stimuli

Complex human learning is largely a result of ____. Page #120

classical conditioning

A student's preference of a grade of an "A" rather than an "F" is most likely the result of ____. Page #120

classical conditioning

Ivan Pavlov is best known for his research in ___. Page #121

conditioning

Ivan Pavlov was original attempting to identify ___. Page #121

neural receptors

Good grades serve as ____ for studying. Page #188

motives

The observation that birds reared in isolation from other birds have the capacity to build nests without observation or learning experience provides evidence for the ___. Page #188

instincts

___ is a demand made on an organism to adapt, cope, or adjust. Page #230

Stress

Some stress is necessary to keep individuals alert and occupied. Hans Selye referred to this as ___. Page #230

eustress

The study of how psychological issues affect physical illness is called ___. Page #230

health psychology

___ usually takes one trial to condition successfully. Page #123

Taste aversions

In operant conditioning the manner in which the 1st responses is made can ___. Page #129

happen by chance or be physically guided

The two types of reinforces distinguished by Skinner are ___. Page #129

positive and negative reinforcers

Reinforces can be ___. Page #130

positive and negative

Money is a secondary reinforcer because it ___. Page #130

acquires value

In Ebbinghaus classic curve of forgetting the greatest memory loss occurs ___. Page #155

right after material was learned

The mental activity involved in understanding, processing and communication information is called ___. Page #163

thinking

Thinking enables individual's to ___. Page #163

pay attention to info, representing it mentally, reasoning about it, and making judgements and decisions about it

Mental categories used to class together objects, relations, events, abstractions or qualities that have common properties are called ___. Page #164

concept

Which of the following illustrates continuous reinforcement?___. Page #132

The pigeon hitting the button to get food.

All of the following demonstrate how operant conditioning influences the behavior of children.____. Page #134

Operant conditioning is like classical conditioning but without an exotic laboratory procedure.

George Miller found that the average person is able to keep about ___ digits in mind at a time. Page #141

seven

Tim can remember what he had for lunch yesterday. This is an example of ___. Page #142

episodic memory

The reason Ivan Pavlov's dogs began salivating in response to an assistant entering the lab was because ___. Page #121

the assistant was clumsy and banged the metal food trays

Pavlov referred to learnt salivation as ___ today is better known as ___. Page#121

conditional reflexes, classical conditioning

According ___ respective an organism learns the association between two stimuli because they are pair together, not because the organism knows that one stimuli will follow another. Page#121

Pavlovl's

The cognitive psychologists' view of classical conditioning states that ___. Page #121

it is learning of relationships among events

You walk pass pizza hut and salivate in response to the aroma of fresh pizza, this is the result of ___. Page #121or122

uncondtioned response

Which of the following best describes giving a dog food after rolling over?___. Page#130

Condtioned reinforcers.

Punishment is an aversive event that ___ the frequency the behavior it follows. Page#132

partial reinforcement

The text gives an example of a pigeon getting rewarded for pecking a button only in the presents of a green light. We can safely assume that ___. Page#132

the experiment is a discriminative stimuli test

We tend to organize concepts into ___ which relate the concepts according to levels. Page #164

hierarchies

During language development, children exhibit over exclusion of instances within a category, such as calling a tiger a cat, this is referred to as ___. Page #165

algorithm

Don solves puzzles and problems with ease. He probably uses all of the following except ___. Page#165

systematic random search

Albert lost the keys to his car sometime between the time he locked it and his return to the car about 3 hours later. Albert retraced his steps, going to all the places he visited after he initially locked the car. Albert is using ___ to find his key. Page #165

means-end analysis

Algorithms are usually time consuming where as ___ provides a more rapid solution when they work. Page #165

heuristics

Visual images are to ___ memory as auditory images are to ___ memory. Page #147

iconic, echoic

The memory that enables one to hold information for a limited time in one's mind is called ___. Page #147

short-term memory

Danna can only remember a few of the fist and last items on her grocery list. This is an example of the ___. Page #148

serial-position effect

According to George Miller, the magic number 7+ or -2 reefers to ___. Page #149

chunking

After a single presentation, Megan can recall her friends' long distance phone number and five digits extension even though the sequence contains 15 digests. One reason for her ease of recall is that she combined the digest into smaller groups. This process is called ____. Page #149

chunking

The correct of events in memory process is ___. Page #144

encoding, storage, and retrieval

The process by which information is encoded, stored, and retrieved is called ___. Page #145

memory

Atkinson and Shiffrin proposed the 3 stages of memory referred to as ____. Page #145

The Atkinson-Shiffrin Model

The stage of memory that 1st encounters stimuli is called ____. Page #145

sensory memory

Psychologists believe that we posses a sensory register for ___. Page #147

iconic memory

You are taking notes while listening to a lecture; the sensory register holds the information as ___ in your ___ memory. Page #147

iconic, echoic

Experts solve problems more efficiently and rapidly than novices do because ___. Page #166

of mental set

Walking away from a problem temporally can allow for ____ to help overcome mental sets that interfere with finding the correct solution. Page # 189

stimulus motives

Motivates accurate behavior and propel the organism ___. Page #188

motive

The study of motivation is an attempt to understand ___ behavior occurs. Page #188

incentive

Psychologists define hypothetical states that activate behavior and propel one towards goal as ___. Page #188

motive

The memories of things that happen to us or occur in our life are referred to as ___. Page #142

episodic

The type of memory one would use to remember the 7 wonders of the ancient world is ___. Page #142

semantic memory

Which of the following is most likely to remain firmly embedded in your memory over the decades?___. Page #143

(Answer should be easily available)

___ memory is recalling information that we previously learnt and ___ memory refers to remember to do things in the future. Page #143

Retrospective, prospective

The memory that tends to fail when we are feeling stressed, distracted, preoccupied is called ____. Page #143

prospective memory

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set