CIS Questions

71 terms by Jcaw473 

Ready to study?
Start with Flashcards

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

BASIC

What programming language revolutionized the software industry because beginning students could learn it easily?

Altair

The ________ computer had no keyboard or monitor and used switches on the front of it to enter data using 0s and 1s.

data

representation of a fact, figure, or idea

processing

turning data into information

information

data organized in a meaningful way

software

computer programs

hardware

parts of the computer you can touch

www

the means of accessing information over the Internet

Browser

an application program used to view the Web

e-mail

electronic communication

Internet

a large network of networks

search engine

a tool used to locate information on the Web

pixel

tiny dot that creates an image on the computer monitor

hertz

unit of measure for processor speed

resolution

the clearness or sharpness of an image

ppm

measurement of printing speed

dpi

measurement of printer resolution

social Web

Web 2.0 is classified as the _____________.

RAM

The computer's main temporary storage area

physical memory

the amount of RAM sitting on memory modules

swap file

temporary storage area on the hard drive

thrashing

the condition of excessive paging

paging

the process of swapping data between RAM and a swap file

Task Manager

lists all the programs being used and indicates their status

System Restore

brings system back to a previously stable state

Disk Cleanup

removes unnecessary files from the hard drive

Disk Defragmenter

regroups related pieces of files on the hard disk

Error-checking

checks the hard drive for damaged files

GUI

user interface of Mac OS and Microsoft Windows

menu-driven

commands are chosen from menus displayed on screen

command-driven

user interface for DOS operating system

user interface

a way to interact with the computer

Linux

operating system that enables users to choose their own interface

Web-based software

software that is hosted on a Web site

open source software

software code that is freely available

project management software

software used for project planning

PIM software

software used to keep track of appointments

software suite

bundled group of software programs

CPU

processor

cache

a form of memory

ALU

performs arithmetic calculations

hertz

machine cycles per second

FSB

connects the processor to the system memory

RAM

temporary storage space

nonvolatile storage

permanent storage

kernel memory

memory used by the operating system

virtual memory

space on the hard drive for data that doesn't fit in RAM

CPU subsystem

clockspeed

memory subsystem

RAM

storage subsystem

hard drive

video subsystem

monitor

audio subsystem

subwoofer

censorship

When Google first launched its search engine services in China, it restricted search results for sites considered objectionable by the Chinese government. This is an example of _______.

Sarbanes-Oxley

Enacted in 2002, the _____ Act requires companies to provide mechanisms for employees and third parties to anonymously report complaints, including ethics violation, anonymously.

operating system

The ___________ is (are) the group of programs that controls how your computer functions.

utility program

A(n) ________ is a small program that performs general housekeeping tasks for your computer.

a command-driven interface

GUI

device driver

Each device attached to your computer comes with a special program called a ________ that facilitates communication between the device and the OS.

bugs

Errors in computer software

file path

The location of a file is specified by its ___________.

Hyperthreading

_________ provides high-speed information processing by enabling a new set of instructions to start before the previous set is finished.

File compression

Which utility takes out redundancies in a file to reduce the file size?

Moore's Law

The rule of thumb that predicts that CPU capacity will double every two years

on the motherboard

The CPU is located

level 2 cache

Level 1 cache memory does not contain more memory than

open source

The type of software that is free and available with few licensing and copyright restrictions is known as ________ software.

Software as a Service

Another way to obtain software is through ________, where a vendor hosts the software online over the Internet and you do not have to install it on your computer.

vertical market

Software designed for a specific industry is known as _______ software.

custom

A(n) __________ software installation enables you to decide which features you want to install on the hard drive.

system requirements

Every software program has a set of __________ that specify the minimum recommended standards for the operating system, processor, RAM, and hard drive capacity.

real-time

Robotic cameras used by television stations for sports events require a __________ operating system.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set